Canarium grandifolium (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Canarium grandifolium (Ridley) H.J. Lam

Protologue: Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 42: 215 (1932).


  • Trigonochlamys grandifolia Ridley (1910).

Vernacular names

  • Malaysia: kedondong (Peninsular).


Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Borneo (Brunei, Sabah).


The wood is used as kedondong.


  • A medium-sized to large tree up to 43 m tall, bole up to 70 cm in diameter, with buttresses up to 3.5 m high, bark surface dippled and scaly, grey or grey-white, inner bark laminated, yellow-brown, exuding clear to yellow-white resin.
  • Stipules absent; leaves with 5-7 leaflets, rachis swollen and flattened towards the base, pubescent, leaflets rounded at apex with a short acuminate tip, margin recurved, minutely serrate to entire, densely tomentose below and on the midrib above, with 9-14 pairs of secondary veins which are sunken above and prominent below.
  • Inflorescence terminal, rarely with additional axillary ones, male one paniculate, female one racemose to spicate.
  • Male flowers 13 mm long, female ones 15 mm long, stamens 3; f.
  • Fruit ellipsoid, 50 mm × 40 mm, slightly hairy at the apex.

C. grandifolium is not uncommon in primary forest at low altitude.

Selected sources

9, 162, 342, 366, 705.


M.S.M. Sosef (selection of species)

Main genus page