Canarium denticulatum (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Canarium denticulatum Blume

Protologue: Bijdr. fl. Ned. Ind.: 1162 (1826).

Vernacular names

  • Indonesia: madang rabung (Sumatra), kedamu (south-eastern Kalimantan), kenari utan (West Java)
  • Malaysia: kedondong (general)
  • Philippines: kalisau (Manobo), lancha-lancha (Sulu), ogat (Bagobo)
  • Thailand: laenban (Trang).


Southern Andaman Islands, southern Burma (Myanmar), peninsular Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo and the Philippines.


The wood is used as kedondong.


  • A medium-sized, sometimes large tree up to 30(-50) m tall, bole branchless for up to 25 m, up to 80 cm in diameter, sometimes with low buttresses, bark surface smooth, greyish, inner bark exuding a pink to black resin.
  • Stipules persistent, inserted on the petiole, pectinate to branched like a tree; leaves with 5-13 leaflets, leaflets with acuminate apex, margin entire to sparsely dentate towards the apex, glabrous to sparsely tomentose, with (9-)11-17(-21) pairs of secondary veins which are prominent below.
  • Inflorescence axillary, paniculate.
  • Male flowers 4.5 mm long, female ones 7 mm long, stamens 6.
  • Fruit ellipsoid, slightly triangular in cross-section.

Two subspecies can be distinguished: subsp. denticulatum (synonyms: Canarium fissistipulum Miq., Canarium fuscum Engl., Canarium laciniatum Elmer) is found throughout the range of the species; subsp. kostermansii Leenh. is an uncommon small tree differing by its leaflets being densely pubescent below and with a more prominently dentate margin, and is found in Kalimantan and Sabah. C. denticulatum is common in primary lowland and hill forest, up to 700 m altitude. The density of the wood is 500-750 kg/m3 at 15% moisture content.

Selected sources

9, 77, 78, 99, 162, 342, 366, 474, 544, 574.


M.S.M. Sosef (selection of species)

Main genus page