Canarium denticulatum (PROSEA)
Canarium denticulatum Blume
- Protologue: Bijdr. fl. Ned. Ind.: 1162 (1826).
- Indonesia: madang rabung (Sumatra), kedamu (south-eastern Kalimantan), kenari utan (West Java)
- Malaysia: kedondong (general)
- Philippines: kalisau (Manobo), lancha-lancha (Sulu), ogat (Bagobo)
- Thailand: laenban (Trang).
Southern Andaman Islands, southern Burma (Myanmar), peninsular Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo and the Philippines.
The wood is used as kedondong.
- A medium-sized, sometimes large tree up to 30(-50) m tall, bole branchless for up to 25 m, up to 80 cm in diameter, sometimes with low buttresses, bark surface smooth, greyish, inner bark exuding a pink to black resin.
- Stipules persistent, inserted on the petiole, pectinate to branched like a tree; leaves with 5-13 leaflets, leaflets with acuminate apex, margin entire to sparsely dentate towards the apex, glabrous to sparsely tomentose, with (9-)11-17(-21) pairs of secondary veins which are prominent below.
- Inflorescence axillary, paniculate.
- Male flowers 4.5 mm long, female ones 7 mm long, stamens 6.
- Fruit ellipsoid, slightly triangular in cross-section.
Two subspecies can be distinguished: subsp. denticulatum (synonyms: Canarium fissistipulum Miq., Canarium fuscum Engl., Canarium laciniatum Elmer) is found throughout the range of the species; subsp. kostermansii Leenh. is an uncommon small tree differing by its leaflets being densely pubescent below and with a more prominently dentate margin, and is found in Kalimantan and Sabah. C. denticulatum is common in primary lowland and hill forest, up to 700 m altitude. The density of the wood is 500-750 kg/m3 at 15% moisture content.
9, 77, 78, 99, 162, 342, 366, 474, 544, 574.
M.S.M. Sosef (selection of species)