Canarium apertum (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Canarium apertum H.J. Lam

Protologue: Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 42: 214, t. 5, fig. 6 (1932).


  • Santiria serrulata Engl. (1883).

Vernacular names

  • Indonesia: kedondong kijai, kedondong rusa (Sumatra), kedamu bikin (south-eastern Kalimantan)
  • Malaysia: kedondong kemasul (Peninsular).


Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra and Borneo.


The wood is used as kedondong.


A medium-sized to large tree up to 43 m tall, bole up to 100 cm in diameter, with spreading buttresses up to 3 m high, bark surface scaly and lenticellate, grey-brown or grey-white, inner bark laminated, yellowish-brown.

  • Stipules absent; leaves with 3-15 leaflets, the rachis slightly swollen and flattened at base, leaflets with acute to rounded or emarginate apex, margin minutely serrate, almost glabrous to pubescent especially on the veins above and below, with 8-16(-18) pairs of secondary veins which are raised below and above give a bullate appearance to the blade.
  • Inflorescence terminal, broadly paniculate.
  • Flowers c. 10 mm long, petals clawed, stamens 6.
  • Fruit ovoid, acuminate, circular in cross section, 40-50 mm × 20-28 mm, fulvously tomentose especially near base and apex.

C. apertum occurs scattered but locally common in lowland forest on flat or undulating land and hill sides, up to 500 m altitude. The density of the wood is 530-710 kg/m3 at 15% moisture content.

Selected sources

9, 77, 162, 342, 705.


M.S.M. Sosef (selection of species)

Main genus page