Calligonum junceum (Gintzburger et al., 2003)

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Calligonum eriopodum
Gintzburger et al., Rangelands in Uzbekistan, 2003
Calligonum junceum (Gintzburger et al., 2003)
Calligonum leucocladum
Calligonum junceum
Calligonum junceum
Calligonum junceum
Calligonum junceum

Calligonum junceum (F. et M.) Litv.

Local name:

  • Russian: Кандым ситниковый, окжузгун - kandym sitnikovyj, okžuzgun
  • Uzbek: Okgjuzgun, Zhuzgun

Chromosome number: 2n = 18 (Aleksandrova and Soskov 1968).

Description and morphology: Perennial, low shrub (height 35–80 cm, less often 110 cm) with spreading and strong branching from base. Bush with small leaves and well expressed caudex. Stem: silvery-white branches, rough, crooked, branching at angle of 90–100°. A distinctive characteristic is dark wine-coloured bark of old stems. Perianth segments 6, glabrous, orbicular (3 mm long).

Reproduction: Sexual (seedling/transplanting). Flowering: April. Fruit: lancet-oblong and/or ovoid-ovate (8–10 mm long, 5–7 mm wide), reddish, turning brown when ripe. ‘Paper bag’ around fruit.

Pastoral importance: Excellent fodder plant for all livestock. Similar to other Calligonum spp.

Habitat: Psammophyte. Grows on rocky slopes, limestone, gravelly sand and clay plains. Occurs separately from other arid species of Calligonum.

Distribution: Central Asia (Aral-Caspian and Balkash regions, Kyzylkum and Karakum), Tien Shan, Mongolia and China. Introduced into Saharan North Africa.