Calligonum eriopodum (Gintzburger et al., 2003)

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Calligonum caput-medusae
Gintzburger et al., Rangelands in Uzbekistan, 2003
Calligonum eriopodum (Gintzburger et al., 2003)
Calligonum junceum
Calligonum eriopodum along Karakum Canal (Turkmenistan)
Calligonum eriopodum
Calligonum eriopodum

Calligonum eriopodum Bge

Local name:

  • Russian: Кандым шерстистоногий, чешуйчатоплодный - kandym šerstistonogij, češujčatoplodnyj

Chromosome number: 2n =18 (Volovich and Soskov unpublished data).

Description and morphology: Perennial shrub, often a tall tree, glabrous, loses leaves early. Stem: bark of old branches reddish; younger stems rough, ramified, fragile. Leaves: filiform adnate to the ochrea. Flowers: bisexual; small, arranged in pairs in the axils of membranous ochreas. Perianth penta-fid, segments (up to 3 mm long), pink with green middle vein, pendulous during fruit maturation. Pedicel covered by dense short hairs; 10–16 stamens connate at base, red anthers. Styles 4.

Reproduction: Fruit maturation: May–June. Fruit: nutlets oblong (25–50 mm long, 20– 40 mm wide) with soft spines looking like a tuft of hair.

Pastoral importance: Well grazed on winterspring rangelands. Biannual branches contain (% DM): protein 11; ash 8.5; fat 1.2; cellulose 41; nitrogen-free extract 27; water 10.

Habitat: Occurs on sands and gravelly soils.

Distribution: Bukhara, Karakalpakistan and Khorezm area, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan.