Caesalpinia coriaria (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
Introduction
List of species


Caesalpinia coriaria (Jacq.) Willd.

Protologue: Sp. pl. ed. 4, 2: 532 (1799).

Vernacular names

  • Divi divi (En)
  • Indonesia: dewi
  • Thailand: tanyong (Bangkok).

Distribution

C. coriaria originates from Central and South America and was introduced and is now cultivated in South-East Asia.

Uses

The pods and bark are said to be antiperiodic. A decoction of the pods is used in the treatment of haemorrhoids, and an infusion for dressing sores. In Thailand, the roots are used as an antipyretic and for the treatment of abscesses and chronic wounds. The bark or pods are employed dressing wounds.

Observations

  • A shrub or small tree up to 10 m tall, unarmed.
  • Leaves often imparipinnate, with 4-8 pairs of pinnae, stipules minute, subulate, leaflets 15-28 pairs per pinna, base obliquely subcordate, apex rounded to truncate.
  • Raceme axillary or terminal, short, condensed, almost sessile, 2-6 cm long; flowers bisexual, fragrant, sepals 3-4 mm long, petals 3-6 mm long, yellow or cream.
  • Pod 3-6 cm × 1.5-3 cm, inflated, often twisted, 1-10-seeded.

Selected sources

72, 81,

  • Burkill, I.H., 1966. A dictionary of the economic products of the Malay Peninsula. Revised reprint. 2 volumes. Ministry of Agriculture and Co-operatives, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Vol. 1 (A-H) pp. 1-1240, Vol. 2 (I-Z) pp. 1241-2444.

215, 256, 407, 585, 602, 1038. medicinals

Authors

  • B. Ibnu Utomo

See also Caesalpinia (PROSEA Dyes and tannins)