Bryophyllum pinnatum (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
Introduction
List of species


Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lamk) Oken


Protologue: Allg. Naturgeschichte Vol. III(3): 1966 (1841).

Synonyms

  • Cotyledon pinnata Lamk (1786),
  • Bryophyllum calycinum Salisb. (1805),
  • Kalanchoe pinnata (Lamk) Pers. (1805).

Vernacular names

  • Life plant, floppers (En).
  • Brunei: bendingin, serigen
  • Indonesia: daun sejuk (Malay, Palembang), buntiris (Sundanese), sosor bebek (Javanese)
  • Malaysia: sedingin, seringin, setawar padang
  • Philippines: karitana (Bisaya), abisrana (Iloko), katakataka (Tagalog).
  • Burma (Myanmar): yoekiyapinba
  • Laos: poun tay, poun po
  • Thailand: benchachat (central), ton tai bai pen, khwum taai ngaai pen
  • Vietnam: cây thuốc bỏng, cây trường sinh, lạc dịa sinh căn.

Distribution

B. pinnatum has a pantropical distribution. In Malesia it is naturalized throughout the region. In many places it is a weed; on the other hand it is reported to be cultivated in Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and Indo-China.

Uses

The fresh leaves are commonly used as a poultice in the treatment of boils, wounds, burns and scalds.

Observations

  • A robust, unbranched herb, 30-200 cm tall, glabrous.
  • Leaves fleshy, leathery when older, earlier ones simple, ovate, with cordate or rounded base, upper ones pinnate, 3-5-foliolate, 5-9(-20) cm × 2.5-5 cm, base cuneate, apex obtuse, margin crenate, petiole semi-amplexicaulous.
  • Inflorescence a lax terminal cyme, 10-80 cm long.
  • Flowers pendulous, with a cylindrical calyx, up to 25 mm × 8 mm, slightly indented at the base, lobes ovate-triangular, 7-12 mm long, very acutely acuminate, corolla tube cylindrical, about 30 mm long, strongly constricted at about 8 mm from the base, corolla lobes oblong-ovate, about 6 mm long, abruptly long-acuminate, in lower half green, in upper half red.

B. pinnatum is found in dry rather sunny locations near human habitation up to 1000 m altitude.

Selected sources

95, 97, 202, 302, 332, 350, 363, 461, 462, 574, 597, 619, 741, 824, 900, 923, 924, 979, 1011, 1035, 1063, 1126, 1128, 1178, 1203, 1346, 1347, 1351, 1569, 1584, 1604, 1605.

Authors

Wardah & M. Brink