Bouea macrophylla

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Bouea macrophylla

alt=Description of Bouea macrophylla cut fruit Paris Chinese supermarket.JPG picture.
Order Sapindales
Family Anacardiaceae
Genus Bouea

2n = 42

Origin : Sumatra, Java,
peninsular Malaysia


English {{{english}}}
French {{{french}}}


The fruit is harvested in February-May in Thailand, and March-June in Indonesia.

Popular names

  • Thai:
  • ma-praang (Pattani), somprang (Peninsula) (PROSEA)
  • ma-yong (Subhadrabandhu); mar phang
English marian plum, gandaria, plum mango
French gandaria, maprang
German Gandaria
Dutch gandaria
Indonesian ramania, gandaria (Java, Sunda) (PROSEA)
Malay kundang, rembunia, setar (Kedah) (PROSEA)
Pilipino gandaria


Bouea macrophylla Griffith (1854)


  • Bouea gandaria Blume ex Miq. (1859)


The species was traditionally multiplicated by seed. Improved cultivars are now multiplicated vegetatively by layering or grafting. Three groups are distinguished in Thailand:

  • Prew Group, with very acid fruits, corresponding to the wild type. In Borneo, the cultivar 'Hintalu' is grown.
  • Mayong Group, with slightly acid fruits, is grown and popular in Thailand. The best known cultivar is 'Chid'.
  • Wan Group, with sweet fruits, is the most grown, and is exported. The best known cultivar is 'Ta It', bred more than a century ago. In Borneo, 'Ramania Pipit' and 'Ramania Tembai' are grown.

see Google images


Malaysian stamp from Pierre Guertin

Exported by Thailand to Europe


immature fruits
  • fruit, mature: edible whole (with the peel), sweet with a light mango taste. The combination of bright orange flesh and mauve seed makes it very attractive.
  • fruit, immature: edible in fruit salad or condiments
  • seed: cotyledons edible, but endosperm bitter
  • leaves, young: locally eaten raw or cooked
  • tree planted a shade tree


  • PROSEA 2, 1991. Plant resources of South-East Asia. vol. 2. Edible fruits and nuts. ed. by E.W.M. Verheij & R.E. Coronel. Wageningen, PUDOC/PROSEA. (Bogor, PROSEA, 1992). 447 p.
  • Subhadrabandhu Suranant, 2001. Under-Utilized Tropical Fruits of Thailand. Bangkok, FAO. ma-praang