Baphia nitida (PROSEA)
Baphia nitida Lodd.
- Family: Leguminosae
- Camwood, barwood (En).
Native of western tropical Africa. Formerly cultivated as a dyewood, especially in Sierra Leone; rarely planted in botanical gardens in South-East Asia.
The heartwood is used for dyeing cotton and wool red. The plant is also used for hedges, and the leaves as fodder. The wood is suited for turnery.
A shrub or small tree up to 10 m tall. The principal dyeing substance in the wood is santalin. Camwood is reportedly easy to cultivate, and can be propagated by seeds and cuttings. It may have potential as a dye plant in South-East Asia.
12, 17, 28, 31, 49.