Baccaurea brevipes (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Baccaurea brevipes Hook.f.

Family: Euphorbiaceae

Vernacular names

  • Blue rambai (En)
  • Indonesia: mata ayam, rambai bukit
  • Malaysia: mata ayam, rambai ayam, rambai tikus (Peninsular), setambum lilin.


Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Sumatra.


The fruit is edible but insipid. The wood is used in house building but is not resistant to insects. An extract of the leaves is used to regulate menstruation.


  • Tree, up to 18 m tall.
  • Leaves narrowly cordate.
  • Fruit a globose capsule, about 2 cm diameter, waxy white to rose-pink, flesh violet; in 7-30 cm long strings on the trunk.

Common in rain forest on sandy loam, up to 400 m altitude. Closely related to Baccaurea motleyana (Muell. Arg.) Muell. Arg.

Selected sources

  • Airy Shaw, H.K., 1981. The Euphorbiaceae of Sumatra. Kew Bulletin 36: 239-374.
  • Burkill, I.H., 1966. A dictionary of the economic products of the Malay Peninsula. 2nd ed. 2 Volumes. Ministry of Agriculture and Co operatives, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 2444 pp.
  • Corner, E.J.H., 1988. Wayside trees of Malaya. 3rd ed. 2 Volumes. The Malaysian Nature Society. United Selangor Press, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 774 pp.


P.C.M. Jansen, J. Jukema, L.P.A. Oyen, T.G. van Lingen