Astragalus alopecias (Gintzburger et al., 2003)

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Astragalus agameticus
Gintzburger et al., Rangelands in Uzbekistan, 2003
Astragalus alopecias (Gintzburger et al., 2003)
Astragalus unifoliolatus
Astragalus alopecias
Astragalus alopecias
Astragalus alopecias

Astragalus alopecias Pall.

Local name:

  • Russian: Астрагал лисовидный, сингрен - astragal lisovidnyj, singren
  • Uzbek: Kiyikpanja
  • Turkmen: Patlak

Chromosome number: 2n = 16 (Lipaeva 1958; Fedorov 1969).

Description and morphology: Perennial, ephemeroid, small shrub (height 57–110 cm), slightly branched from base. Pivotal root system rarely to depth 2.0 m. Stem: furrowed, erect with short stems axillary to leaves. Leaves: small (2.8–6.5 cm long, 0.4–1.0 cm wide), imparipinnate (15–21 in pairs). Leaflets (0.8– 1.2 cm), broadly ovate to elliptic glabrescent on upper surface, lower surface covered by dense whitish hairs. Stipules (8–12 mm long) lanceolate, membranous, pubescent, tipped at end and adnate to petiole. Inflorescence: large cylindrical-oblong (5–20 cm long, 3.5–5.0 cm wide), many-flowered (from 100–110 sessile flowers) in a short pedunculate compact raceme. Calyx tubular-campanulate (20–25 mm long), hairy, teeth slightly longer than tube. Corolla dark yellow or pale brown with brown veins. Vegetative growth begins March–April, bud stage May.

Reproduction: Sexual. Flowering: May–June. Fruit maturation: July–August. Fruit: pod ovoidelliptic (0.7–1.0 cm long, 0.4 cm long), polyspermous (2–3 loculate). Often more than 80% of seeds damaged by insects.

Pastoral importance: Consumed only in the early stages by large herbivores (cattle and horses).

Habitat: Xerophyte. Occurs on loamy-sand, adyr and foothills of semi-desert, flats and plain.

Distribution: Middle and Central Asia and Iran.