Artabotrys hexapetalus (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
Introduction
List of species


Artabotrys hexapetalus (L.f.) Bhandari


Protologue: Baileya 12(4): 149 (1965).

Synonyms

Annona hexapetala L.f. (1781), Artabotrys odoratissimus R.Br. ex Ker Gawl. (1820), Artabotrys uncinatus (Lamk) Merr. (1912).

Vernacular names

  • Climbing ylang-ylang (En)
  • Malaysia: kenanga china, kenanga bolok
  • Thailand: kradangngaa cheen (central), sabanngaa cheen (northern)
  • Vietnam: dây công chúa, hoa móng rồng.

Distribution

Indigenous in southern India and Sri Lanka, introduced throughout the Old World tropics. Commonly cultivated in southern China, Indo-China, the Philippines and also in Java.

Uses

In the Philippines, a decoction of the leaves is used against cholera. The flowers are used to prepare a stimulating tea-like beverage. They also yield an essential oil, used in perfumery. A. hexapetalus is commonly cultivated in gardens for its very fragrant flowers, also used for screen-planting in large gardens.

Observations

A climber or scandent shrub up to 8 m tall; young twigs densely appressed brown hairy, old twigs with many obtuse thorny branches (hooked peduncles) 1.5-6 cm long; leaves 5-25 cm × 2.5-8 cm, base cuneate, apex acute, short-acuminate, petiole 0.4-0.8 cm long; flower solitary or in pairs on a straight peduncle, later thickening and recurved, sepals ovate-triangular, about 5 mm long, pubescent outside, outer petals 3.7-4.5 cm × 0.9-1.6 cm, inner petals 3.2-4.2 cm × 0.9-1.2 cm, green turning bright yellow, carpels 20-30; monocarp, obovoid, mucronate, 3.5-5 cm long, juicy, very fragrant, yellow. In South-East Asia in cultivation only.

Selected sources

74,

  • Burkill, I.H., 1966. A dictionary of the economic products of the Malay Peninsula. Revised reprint. 2 volumes. Ministry of Agriculture and Co-operatives, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Vol. 1 (A-H) pp. 1-1240, Vol. 2 (I-Z) pp. 1241-2444.

216, 224, 359, 459, 522, 607, 662, 788, 838, 917, 924, 925, 1033.

Authors

N.O. Aguilar