Anacyclus pyrethrum

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Anacyclus pyrethrum (L.) Link

alt=Description of Anacyclus depressus 1.jpg picture.
Order Asterales
Family Compositae
Genus Anacyclus

2n =

Origin : Morocco, Algeria,
South-East Spain

wild and cultivated

English {{{english}}}
French {{{french}}}


Popular names

English Roman pellitory, Spanish chamomile, Spanish pellitory
French pyrèthre d'Afrique
German römischer Bertram


Anacyclus pyrethrum (L.) Link


  • Anthemis pyrethrum L. (1753) sensu stricto
  • Matricaria pyrethrum (L.) Baill. (1882)
  • Anacyclus depressus Ball (1873)



drawing of Köhler's Medizinal-Pflanzen

Cultivated in Pakistan, India and Austria, formerly also in Germany, the Netherlands and Hungary. The ethereal oil is also used in the production of liqueurs.


  • Beverage
    • essential oil in liqueurs.
  • Medicinal
    • formerly Radix Pyrethri Romani

see Cazin (1868)


  • Chaudhri, I. I., 1953. Cultivation of medicinal plants in Pakistan. Pakistan J. Sci. Res., 5(3): 110-116.
  • Chopra, R. N., Nayar S. L. & Chopra I. C., 1956. Glossary of Indian medicinal plants. New Delhi, Council of Scientific Industrial Research. 330 p.
  • Garg, S. & Sastry T. S., 1996. Indian Compositae in foods and flavours - review (pp. 361-382) - In: P. D. S. Caligari & D. J. N. Hind (eds.) Compositae: biology and utilization. Proceedings of the International Compositae Conference, Kew, 1994. Kew, Royal Bot. Gardens. 689 p.
  • Humphries, J. C. (1979) - A revision of the genus Anacyclus L. (Compositae: Anthemideae). Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) Bot. 7: 83-142.