Aglaia tomentosa (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Aglaia tomentosa Teysm. & Binnend.

Protologue: Natuurk. Tijdschr. Ned. Ind. 27: 43 (1864).
Family: Meliaceae


  • Aglaia glomerata Merr. (1906),
  • Aglaia cordata Hiern (1875),
  • Aglaia dyeri Koord. (1898).

Vernacular names

  • Indonesia: awa saelu saelu datan, kayu si rah-rah batu (Sumatra), malasot (Sulawesi)
  • Malaysia: buah patung (Temuan, Peninsular), medang belulu, redan (Peninsular), lambunau burong (Dusun, Sabah)
  • Philippines: karamiras, bayanti (Tagalog), arangnang (Dumagat), mata-mata (Sulu), maybosug (Yakan)
  • Thailand: sangkhriat-langsat (Trang).


Southern India, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi, the Philippines, New Guinea and northern Australia.


The aril around the seeds is edible but lacks flavour. The wood is used in construction, but is not very durable if exposed.


  • A usually small, sometimes medium-sized tree up to 15(-23) m tall, bole branchless for up to 9 m, up to at least 20 cm in diameter, bark surface pale reddish-brown or grey with green patches, inner bark yellow.
  • Leaflets 5-11(-13), opposite or subopposite, with 5-25 pairs of secondary veins, above smooth and glabrous or the midrib densely covered with reddish-brown or orange-brown stellate hairs, below with numerous stellate hairs and interspersed with smaller paler hairs.
  • Flowers 5-merous, anthers 5, style-head subglobose, longitudinally ridged.
  • Fruit a subglobose indehiscent berry, 1-2-locular, ca. 2 cm in diameter, red, velvety, juicy.

A. tomentosa is fairly common, occurring in primary and secondary evergreen forest, on hills and ridges, along rivers or in periodically inundated locations, on sandy to clayey soils or on lateritic or limestone soils, from sea-level up to 2000 m altitude. The wood is reported as non-durable and has a density of 800-905 kg/m3 at 15% moisture content.

Selected sources

  • Brown, W.H., 1951 1957. Useful plants of the Philippines. Reprint of the 1941 1943 ed. 3 Volumes. Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Technical Bulletin 10. Bureau of Printing, Manila, the Philippines.
  • Burkill, I.H., 1966. A dictionary of the economic products of the Malay Peninsula. 2nd ed. 2 Volumes. Ministry of Agriculture and Co operatives, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 2444 pp.
  • Merrill, E.D., 1923 1925. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. 4 Volumes. Government of the Philippine Islands, Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Bureau of Printing, Manila.

78, 140, 414, 474, 481, 574, 705. timbers


  • P.C.M. Jansen, J. Jukema, L.P.A. Oyen, T.G. van Lingen
  • M.S.M. Sosef