Aglaia smithii (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Aglaia smithii Koord.

Protologue: Meded. 's Lands Plantent. 19: 383, 635 (1898).


Aglaia badia Merr. (1909), Aglaia bicolor Merr. (1909), Aglaia ramosii Quisumb. (1930).

Vernacular names

  • Indonesia: monjowojan (Sulawesi), alawe (Moluccas), duren (Irian Jaya)
  • Philippines: batukanag (Iloko), masaleng (Negrito).


The Philippines, Sulawesi, the Lesser Sunda Islands, the Moluccas and New Guinea (Irian Jaya).


The wood is used in the Philippines for temporary construction, and in Irian Jaya for poles.


A small to medium-sized tree usually less than 10 m tall; leaflets (5-)9-15, subopposite, with 9-13 pairs of secondary veins, with numerous pits or scales above, below densely set with peltate dark reddish-brown scales and a few larger and darker scales; calyx 5-lobed, petals 5, anthers 5, style-head depressed-globose; fruit obovoid. A. smithii is locally common in primary forest and coastal forest on clayey soils, up to 40 m altitude. The wood is reddish-brown and comparatively hard and heavy.

Selected sources

414, 481.