Agathis endertii (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Agathis endertii Meijer Drees

Protologue: Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sér. 3, 16: 470 (1940).

Vernacular names

  • Malaysia: bulok (Iban, Sarawak).


In more or less isolated populations on Borneo.


The wood is used as kauri.


  • A very large tree of up to 65 m tall.
  • Adult leaves ovate, 5-8 cm × 1.7-3.6 cm, broadly acute to semicircular and blunt at the apex, glaucous beneath, resin canals solitary.
  • Mature pollen cones 2.6-3.8 cm × 0.7 cm, sessile, the apical part of the microsporophylls spoon-shaped and slightly angled at the apex, 2.5 mm × 2 mm.
  • Mature seed cones oval, 4.5 cm × 7 cm, seed bracts with a bluntly triangular projection at the apical margin and a small projection near the base on one side.
  • Seed with a short acute projection on one upper corner and a broad wing on the other.

A. endertii is often found in heath forest on sandstone at 220-1600 m altitude and is sometimes believed to be conspecific with A. borneensis.

Selected sources

146, 163, 181, 453, 478, 748, 773, 775.


  • C.C.H. Jongkind (selection of species)

Main genus page