Agathis dammara (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Agathis dammara (Lambert) Rich.

Protologue: Comm. bot. Conif. Cycad.: 83, t. 19 (1826).


  • Agathis loranthifolia Salisb. (1807),
  • Agathis celebica (Koord.) Warb. (1900),
  • Agathis hamii Meijer Drees (1940).

Vernacular names

  • Indonesia: dammar raja (general), kisi (Buru), salo (Ternate)
  • Philippines: dayungon (Samar).


The Philippines (Palawan and Samar), Sulawesi and the Moluccas; planted on a fairly large scale in Java.


The wood is used as kauri. A. dammara is an important source of copal resin.


  • A very large tree of up to 65 m tall.
  • Adult leaves elliptical, 6-8 cm × 2-3 cm, tapering towards the rounded apex, with solitary resin canals.
  • Mature pollen cones 4-6 cm × 1.2-1.4 cm, subtended by a peduncle c. 3 mm long, microsporophylls with a spoon-shaped apical part of c. 2 mm × 2.5 mm, slightly angled at the apex.
  • Mature seed cones oval, 9-10.5 cm × 7.5-9.5 cm, seed bracts roughly obtriangular with a small projection near the base on one side.
  • Seed with a short acute projection on one upper corner and a wing on the other.

A. dammara is scattered but locally common in lowland rain forest up to 1200 m altitude. It is sometimes regarded as conspecific with A. philippinensis. The density of the wood is 380-660 kg/m3 at 15% moisture content. See also the table on wood properties.

Selected sources

92, 146, 163, 180, 359, 453, 463, 478, 565, 584, 629, 663, 666, 748, 749, 762, 773, 774, 775, 776, 780.


  • C.C.H. Jongkind (selection of species)

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