Acalypha australis (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
Introduction
List of species


Acalypha australis L.


Protologue: Sp. pl. 2: 1004 (1753).

Vernacular names

  • Vietnam: tai tượng lá hoa, tai tượng nam, thiết hiện thái.

Distribution

From Japan, China and Taiwan, throughout Indo-China to the Philippines. Introduced and locally naturalized in Australia; records for Indonesia are disputed.

Uses

The whole plant of A. australis is used to cure dysentery, diarrhoea, scrofula, dermatitis, nosebleed, haemoptysis, as well as to stop coughs and to cure swollen feet. The leaves are used in poulticing snake bites.

Observations

An erect, annual herb, up to 30-60 cm tall; leaves rhomboid to lanceolate, 3-8 cm × 1.5-3.5 cm, margins serrate, petiole slender, 2-3 cm long; inflorescence axillary, racemose-spicate, unisexual, 1-2 cm long; female inflorescence enclosed in 4 bracts, each bract containing 4-5 flowers. A. australis is locally common in open disturbed habitats, and gardens from sea-level up to 1500 m altitude.

Selected sources

331, 786.

Authors

Arbayah H. Siregar