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Shorea multiflora (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Shorea multiflora (Burck) Sym.

Protologue: Gard. Bull. Str. Settl. 9: 330 (1938).


  • Balanocarpus penangianus King (1893),
  • Balanocarpus latifolius Brandis (1895),
  • Balanocarpus multiflorus (Burck) Sym. (1933).

Vernacular names

  • Brunei: tismantok
  • Indonesia: damar tanduk (general), meranti piangin (northern Sumatra), puting delatit (Kalimantan)
  • Malaysia: banjutan (Sabah), damar hitam (Peninsular), lun damar hitam (Sarawak).


Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra and Borneo.


S. multiflora is an important source of yellow meranti timber.


  • A small to fairly large tree up to 40 m tall with bole branchless for up to 21 m and up to 115 cm in diameter, buttresses short or absent.
  • Leaves ovate-lanceolate, 4.5-7.5 cm × 2-3.5 cm, glabrous, with 8-10 pairs of secondary veins not prominent beneath, petiole 7-10 mm long.
  • Stamens (10-)15, stylopodium indistinct.
  • Fruit calyx lobes subequal, up to 5 mm long.

S. multiflora is common in heath or mixed dipterocarp forest on low hills and ridges up to 700 m altitude. The density of the wood is 435-870 kg/m3 at 15% moisture content. See also the table on wood properties.

Selected sources

30, 89, 100, 102, 124, 253, 258, 297, 417, 461, 476, 514, 601, 677, 748.

Main genus page


  • M.S.M. Sosef (selection of species)