Pisum sativum (Common names)

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Pisum sativum Mangetout Group (Common names)

Names in common use

  • English: pea; split pea1
  • German: Erbse; Pahlerbse, Schalerbse, Kneifelerbse1
  • Dutch: erwt; doperwt2
  • Swedish: ärt
  • Danish: ært
  • Norwegian: ert
  • Icelandic: gráerta, matarerta

  • French: pois, petit pois3; pois cassés1
  • Italian: pisello
  • Spanish: guisante, arveja; alverja (South America)
  • Catalan: pèsol
  • Portuguese: ervilha
  • Romanian: mazăre

  • Russian: горох - gorox
  • Polish: groch
  • Czech: hrách, hrášek
  • Slovak: hrach
  • Bulgarian: грах
  • Croatian: grašak
  • Serb: грашак
  • Slovenian: grah
  • Macedonian: грашок

  • Latvian: sējas zirnis, zirņi
  • Lithuanian: žirnis
  • Albanian: bizelja
  • Greek: αύκος, πίζι, μπιζέλι, πιζέλι - afkos, pizi, bizeli, pizeli
  • Turkish: bezelye
  • Maltese: piżelli
  • Hungarian: zöldborsó
  • Finnish: herne
  • Estonian: hernes

Sources and commentaries

Peas grown for animal feed are of two kinds. The traditional use was to give entire plants (English: fodder pea; French: pois fourrager). New types of cultivars are grown for their seeds (French: pois protéagineux).

(1) Dry split peas are a commercial product in some countries, under the names of split peas, French: pois cassés. (2) Designates immature green peas '("petits pois"). (3) In French, petits pois are basically immature green peas. As they form the overwhelming kind of peas known by consumers, it is becoming the species name.