Phaseolus vulgaris dry bean (Common names)

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Common names: Phaseolus vulgaris

Common names: Phaseolus vulgaris French bean

Common names: Phaseolus vulgaris runner bean

Common names: Phaseolus vulgaris wax bean

Common names: Phaseolus vulgaris bush bean

Common names: Phaseolus vulgaris climbing bean

Common names: Phaseolus vulgaris pop bean

Names in common use

  • English: bean, dry bean, haricot bean; kidney bean (1); pea bean2, navy bean2, rice bean2; shell bean3
  • German: Bohne; Fisole (Au)
  • Dutch: boon (pl. bonen), bruine boon
  • Swedish: böna
  • Danish: bønne
  • Norwegian: bønne
  • Icelandic:

  • French: haricot, haricot sec; fève (Canada); haricot lingot1, mongette1 (Poitou-Charentes); haricot coco2, coco2, haricot riz2; haricot à écosser3; flageolet4
  • Italian: fagiolo; fagiolo da sgranare3
  • Spanish: frijol, judía; caraota, poroto
  • Catalan: mongeta seca, fesol
  • Portuguese: feijão (pl. feijões)
  • Romanian: fasole

  • Russian: фасоль - fasolj
  • Polish: fasola
  • Czech: fazol
  • Slovak: fazul'a
  • Bulgarian: фасул, боб
  • Croatian: pasulj
  • Serb: пасуљ
  • Slovenian: fižol

  • Albanian: fasule (fasulja with the article), groshë
  • Greek: φασόλι, φασολιά, φασουλιά - fasoli, fasolia, fasoulia
  • Turkish: fasulye
  • Hungarian: veteménybab, paszuly, paszulybab
  • Finnish: torapapu

Sources and commentaries

In most languages, the name for 'bean' is used without any qualifier for dry beans. Very often, it is qualified by a form or a colour (white, red, black, brown...), according to the local preferences. MC

(1) Kidney beans have the form of a kidney, i.e. more or less cylindrical with the hilum in a concavity in the middle.

(2) Pea beans are oblong or rounded.

(3) Shell beans are marketed in their shell, but only the fresh mature seed is eaten. Each country has its preferred cultivar, namely 'Cranberry' in the USA, 'Borlotto' in Italy and 'Coco de Paimpol' in France. MC

(4) Flageolet beans are a French specialty, usually sold fresh or processed. They have a light green colour and are very soft. MC