Pennisetum-Persea (Sturtevant, 1919)

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Paullinia-Pemphis
Sturtevant, Notes on edible plants, 1919
Pennisetum-Persea (Sturtevant, 1919)
Persea


Pennisetum dasystachyum Desv.

Gramineae.

Guiana. Earth, in Travels in Northern Africa, says, at Agades, the slaves were busy collecting and pounding the seeds of the karengia, or uzak, which constitutes a great part of their food. Livingstone says the seeds are collected regularly by the slaves over a large portion of central Africa and are used as food.

Pennisetum typhoideum Rich.

SPIKED MILLET.

Tropics. This grass is supposed by Pickering to be a native of tropical America. It is extensively cultivated about Bombay and forms a very important article of food to the natives. In Africa, Livingstone found it cultivated in great quantities as food for man. This species is cultivated in many varieties in India, where it is a native. Drury says it is much cultivated in Coromandel, and that the grain is a very essential article of diet among the natives of the northern Circars. The seeds, says Unger, constitute the principal article of food for the negroes in various parts of Africa. Four varieties are cultivated by the native farmers of Bengal who eat the grain and feed their cattle with the straw.

Pentaclethra macrophylla Benth.

Leguminosae.

Tropical Africa. A tree, known in Gabun as owala and in the Eboo country as opachalo. The seeds are eaten by the natives, who also extract a limpid oil from them.

Pentadesma butyracea Sabine.

Guttiferae. BUTTER TREE. TALLOW TREE.

Tropical Africa. The fruit is eaten. The yellow, greasy juice, which flows from the fruit when it is cut, is mixed by the inhabitants of Sierra Leone with their food but is not used by Europeans on account of the strong, turpentine flavor.

Pentatropis cynanchoides R. Br.

Asclepiadeae.

Abyssinia, Persia and northwest India. Its follicles are eaten.

Peplis portula Linn.

Lythrarieae. WATER PURSLANE.

Europe and adjoining Asia. This plant is mentioned by Theophrastus as cultivated, by Dioscorides as esculent; it is mentioned also by Pliny, Varro and Columella. About Athens, it is eaten in salads.

Pereskia aculeata Mill.

Cacteae. BARBADOES GOOSEBERRY.

West Indies. The fruit is yellow, edible, pleasant to the taste and is used in the West Indies for preserving.

Pereskia bleo DC.

Mexico and New Granada. The leaves are eaten as a salad in Panama and are called bleo by the natives.

Pergularia edulis Thunb.

Asclepiadeae.

South Africa. The young leaves are eaten as a potherb in Japan.

Perilla arguta Benth.

Labiatae.

China and Japan. An infusion of this plant is used, says Mueller, to impart to table vegetables and other substances a deep red color. The plant is an inmate of French flower gardens.

Periploca aphylla Decne.

Asclepiadeae.

Northwest India, Afghanistan, south Persia, Arabia and Egypt. The flower-buds, says Brandis, are sweet and are eaten, raw or cooked, as a vegetable.