Limnophila aromatica (PROSEA)
Limnophila aromatica (Lamk) Merr.
- Protologue: Interpr. Herb. amboin.: 466 (1917).
- Gratiola aromatica (Lamk) Pers. (1805),
- Limnophila punctata Blume (1826),
- Limnophila gratissima Blume (1826).
- Indonesia: kehkehan (Sundanese), daun kardemom, selaseh ayer kecil (Ambonese)
- Malaysia: beremi, kerak-kerak
- Philippines: angangi (Bontok)
- Papua New Guinea: poikehkeh (Wapi), ginibok (Keepaukee)
- Thailand: phak khayaeng (central), phak phaa (northern)
- Vietnam: rau ng[oom].
From India and Sri Lanka to Indo-China, southern China, Japan, Taiwan, throughout South-East Asia and northern Australia.
In Indonesia and Peninsular Malaysia, the sap of the leaves is used to clean wounds, and a decoction of the leaves is given in fevers.
- A variable, fleshy, annual to perennial herb, 30–-100 cm tall, stems simple or shortly branched from the base, glabrous to minutely glandular.
- Leaves decussate or in whorls of 3, ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, 10–-55 mm × 3-–15 mm, margins crenate to serrate-dentate, glabrous to densely and minutely glandular, pinnately veined, sessile.
- Flowers solitary and axillary, or a few to many-flowered, terminal or axillary raceme, up to 15 cm long, pedicel 5–20 mm long, bracteoles 2, 1.5-–2 mm long, calyx 4.5–-7 mm long, hairy, striate at maturity, corolla 10.5–-13.5 mm long, pale pink, outside finely glandular, inside densely villous, posterior lobe emarginate, posterior stamens 2.5 mm long, villous, anterior stamens 4 mm long, glabrous
- Capsule broadly ellipsoid, compressed, 5-6 mm long, brown.
L. aromatica grows in shallow ponds or marshy localities, from sea-level up to 1000 m altitude. It is closely related to L. chinensis (Osbeck) Merr., and some authors consider L. aromatica as a subspecies of it.
- Burkill, I.H., 1966. A dictionary of the economic products of the Malay Peninsula. Revised reprint. 2 volumes. Ministry of Agriculture and Co-operatives, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Vol. 1 (A-H) pp. 1-1240, Vol. 2 (I-Z) pp. 1241-2444.
407, 747, 810, 837.