Leucaena-Ligusticum (Sturtevant, 1919)

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Sturtevant, Notes on edible plants, 1919
Leucaena-Ligusticum (Sturtevant, 1919)

Leucaena esculenta Benth.


Mexico. According to Don, this is the guaxe of Mexico, the legumes of which are eaten by the Mexicans.

Leucopogon fraseri A. Cunn.

Epacridaceae. OTAGO HEATH.

Australia. A plant whose sweetish, orange-like drupe is edible.

Leucopogon richei R. Br.


Australia. The berries are said to have supported the French naturalist Riche, who was lost for three days on the south coast of New Holland.

Levisticum officinale Koch.

Umbelliferae. LOVAGE.

Europe. Lovage grows wild in the south of Europe and is cultivated in gardens. McMahon, 1806, includes it in his list of kitchen garden, aromatic, pot and sweet herbs, and in 1832 Bridgeman includes it among garden medicinal herbs. It is now used in eclectic medicine. At manufacture of confectionery. Formerly the leafstalks and bottoms of the stems were eaten, blanched like celery. The whole plant has a strong, sweetish, aromatic odor and a warm, pungent taste and is probably grown now in America, as in 1806, rather as a medicinal than as a culinary herb. Lovage appears to have been known to Ruellius[1], 1536, who calls it Levisticum officinarum, and was seen in gardens by Chabraeus[2], 1677.


  1. Ruellius Nat. Stirp. 698. 1536.
  2. Chabraeus Icon. Sciag. 401. 1677.

Lewisia rediviva Pursh.


Unwooded portions of the interior of Oregon and northern California. The root is boiled and eaten by Indian tribes[1]. The Indians of California call it spatlum. The root is large and fusiform, the outer portion of a dingy color, the inner white and farinaceous. It is considered highly nutritious[2].


  1. Pickering, C. Chron. His. Pls. 604. 1879.
  2. U. S. D. A. Rpt. 407. 1870.

Licania incana Aubl.


Guiana. The fruit is the size of a large olive and is dotted with red; the pulp is white; melting, and of a sweetish taste; the shell, or nut, is bony[1].


  1. Martyn Miller Gard. Dict. 1807. (Hedycrea incana)

Lichtensteinia pyrethrifolia Cham. & Schlecht.


South Africa. An intoxicating liquor called gli is prepared from this plant by the Hottentots[1].


  1. Treas. Bot. 1:534. 1870.

Ligusticum scoticum Linn.

Umbelliferae. SCOTCH LOVAGE.

Subarctic seashores; from Rhode Island, northward, says Gray[1]. This plant is frequent in the outer Hebrides where it is called shunis and is sometimes eaten raw as a salad, or boiled as greens[2], or the root is chewed as a substitute for tobacco when tobacco is scarce[3]. It is sometimes used as a potherb in Britain[4]. In northwest America, the green stem is peeled and eaten by the Indians[5]. The root is acrid but aromatic.


  1. Gray, A. Man. Bot. 194. 1868.
  2. Lightfoot, J. Fl. Scot. 1:160. 1789.
  3. Journ. Agr. 2:379. 1831.
  4. Dickie, G. Treas. Bot. 2:681. 1870.
  5. Brown, R. Bot. Soc. Edinb. 9:385. 1868.