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Leptaleum filifolium (Gintzburger et al., 2003)

Isatis boissieriana
Gintzburger et al., Rangelands in Uzbekistan, 2003
Leptaleum filifolium (Gintzburger et al., 2003)
Malcolmia grandiflora
Leptaleum filifolium
Leptaleum filifolium

Leptaleum filifolium (Willd.) DC.

Local name:

  • Russian: Лепталеум нителистный - leptaleum nitelistnyj
  • Kazakh: Shitr, Serge-kara, Shutr
  • Turkmen: Buynuz
  • Uzbek: Serge-kora

Description and morphology: Annual herb (height 5–30 cm), sparsely pubescent to glabrescent at maturity. Stem: prostrate to ascending, many branches arising from base. Leaves: 3–6 cm with 3–5 filiform segments. Flowers: axillary, solitary or in few-flowered racemes; pedicels (2–3 mm); petals (6–9 mm) white, 6 stamens or reduced to 2; longer filaments fused in pairs. Stigma lobes fused into small cone.

Reproduction: Flowering and fruit maturation: March–April. Fruit: typical silique (1.2–2.5 long, 0.2–0.3 cm wide), linear, compressed, dehiscent at the apex; reticulate lateral veins on valves. Seeds: oblong-elliptic, in 2 rows.

Pastoral importance: Poor.

Habitat: Occurs in sandy and stony deserts, clay and loam steppe.

Distribution: Central Asia, European part of Russia – Caucasus to Mediterranean region.