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Karelinia caspia (Gintzburger et al., 2003)

Epilasia hemilasia
Gintzburger et al., Rangelands in Uzbekistan, 2003
Karelinia caspia (Gintzburger et al., 2003)
Koelpinia linearis
Karelinia caspia
Karelinia caspia

Karelinia caspia (Pall.) Less.

Local name:

  • Russian: Карелиния каспийская - karelinija kaspijskaja
  • Turkmen: Ak-Bash, Kamak
  • Kazakh: Ak-Bas
  • Uzbek: Akhbash, Kamok

Chromosome number: 2n = 20 (Chuksanova et al. 1968b).

Description and morphology: Perennial, large plant (height 1–1.3 m). Stem: strong. Branched root system, penetrates deep into soil to depth 5–9 m. Leaves: large, fleshy sessile with entire margin. Inflorescence: singular, terminal, oblong-elongated, capitulum brown at maturity. Flowers: bisexual; numerous, pink-violet. Growth begins in the first half of April.

Reproduction: Flowering: June; dries off in July. Fruit: dry indehiscent achene.

Pastoral importance: Poor forage. Not grazed by cattle, consumed a little by sheep, goats and camels in winter. Can be used as silage in a mixture with Alhagi pseudalhagi and Cousinia decurrens. Yield 0.1–1.2 t /ha.

Habitat: Halo-xerophyte. Typical plant of damp saline environment. Grows on alluvial deposits, barren lands and margins of lake shores.

Distribution: Widespread in Middle Asia and Kazakhstan.