Flacourtia indica (PROSEA)
Flacourtia indica (Burm.f.) Merr.
- Family: Flacourtiaceae
Flacourtia ramontchi L'Hérit.
- Madagascar plum (En)
- Indonesia: duri rukem (Bahasa Indonesia), saradan (Sundanese), baga (Java)
- Malaysia: kerkup kecil
- Philippines: bitolgol (Tagalog), bolong (Mangyan), palutan (Ibanag)
- Cambodia: krâk hôp nhii
- Thailand: takhop-pa (central), makwen-pa, makwen-nok (northern)
- Vietnam: hông qûân, muôn quân, ân do.
Widespread and cultivated in Africa and Asia.
The fruit is edible but rather astringent. Infusions of the bark are used as a gargle, of the root to cure pneumonia, of the leaves to cure fever, coughs and diarrhoea.
Deciduous tree, up to 15 m tall, often spiny. Leaves very variable, often narrowly obovate, up to 9 cm × 5 cm. Fruit a globose to ellipsoid berry, about 1 cm in diameter, blackish-red, with 5-8 seeds. Usually in seasonally dry, open, barren places, on limestone, clayey or sandy soils, up to 700 m altitude.