Dovyalis caffra (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Dovyalis caffra (Hook.f. & Harvey) Hook.f.

Family: Flacourtiaceae

Vernacular names

  • Kei apple, umkokolo (En). Pommier-kei (Fr)
  • Philippines: umkolo.


Originating from southern Africa, now cultivated worldwide in the drier parts of the tropics and subtropics. In South-East Asia mainly in the Philippines.


Raw fruits are very acid and only edible with much sugar. Prepared fruits used in jams, jellies, sauces, etc. The plant makes a good hedge.


Shrub or small dioecious tree, up to 9 m tall, often with numerous sharp spines. Fruit a subglobose berry, up to 4 cm diameter, golden yellow. Propagation by seed and by layering. Needs subtropical conditions, is drought-resistant but frost-sensitive. In the Philippines above 800 m altitude.

Selected sources

19, 51, 56, 60.