Difference between revisions of "Cyclanthera pedata (PROTA)"

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<big>''[[Cyclanthera pedata]]'' (L.) Schrad.</big>
 
<big>''[[Cyclanthera pedata]]'' (L.) Schrad.</big>
 
 
__NOTOC__
 
__NOTOC__
 
 
 
{{DISPLAYTITLE:''Cyclanthera pedata'' (PROTA)}}
 
{{DISPLAYTITLE:''Cyclanthera pedata'' (PROTA)}}
 
 
:Protologue: Ind. sem. hort. acad. Goetting. (1831); Linnaea 8, Litt. Berichte: 23 (1833).
 
:Protologue: Ind. sem. hort. acad. Goetting. (1831); Linnaea 8, Litt. Berichte: 23 (1833).
  
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:Chromosome number: 2''n'' = 16, 32
 
:Chromosome number: 2''n'' = 16, 32
 
== Synonyms ==
 
 
 
  
 
== Vernacular names ==  
 
== Vernacular names ==  
  
Slipper gourd, lady’s slipper, stuffing cucumber, achocha (En). Achocha (Fr). Tamiá de comer, tamiá de cipó (Po).
+
*Slipper gourd, lady’s slipper, stuffing cucumber, achocha (En).
 +
*Achocha (Fr).
 +
*Tamiá de comer, tamiá de cipó (Po).
  
 
== Origin and geographic distribution ==  
 
== Origin and geographic distribution ==  
Line 45: Line 37:
  
 
Investigations into the chemical constituents of ''Cyclanthera pedata'' seeds and fruits have revealed the presence of 6 flavon glycosides, 9 triterpenoid saponins and 6 cucurbitacin glycosides.
 
Investigations into the chemical constituents of ''Cyclanthera pedata'' seeds and fruits have revealed the presence of 6 flavon glycosides, 9 triterpenoid saponins and 6 cucurbitacin glycosides.
 
== Botany ==
 
 
Annual, monoecious vigorous vine; stem up to 5 m long, glabrous; tendrils bifid. Leaves alternate, palmately 3–5-foliolate or simple but very deeply lobed; stipules absent; petiole 1–8 cm long; leaflets or lobes elliptical, sinuate-serrate. Flowers unisexual, regular, 5-merous; male flowers in axillary, 10–20 cm long panicles; female flowers solitary, with inferior, 1-celled ovary. Fruit an indehiscent, obliquely ovoid berry up to 16 cm long, tapering, flattened, white-green, sometimes with soft spines, many-seeded. Seeds c. 1.5 cm in diameter, black.
 
 
''Cyclanthera'' is placed in ''Cyclanthereae'', an entirely New World tribe. ''Cyclanthera brachystachya'' (Ser.) Cogn. (synonym: ''Cyclanthera explodens'' Naudin, called ‘fat baby’) is cultivated locally in Cameroon at altitudes of 1500–2000 m as a fruit vegetable. It differs notably from ''Cyclanthera pedata'' in its explosively dehiscent, small fruits (2–4 cm long).
 
  
 
== Description ==  
 
== Description ==  
  
 
+
*Annual, monoecious vigorous vine; stem up to 5 m long, glabrous; tendrils bifid.
 +
*Leaves alternate, palmately 3–5-foliolate or simple but very deeply lobed; stipules absent; petiole 1–8 cm long; leaflets or lobes elliptical, sinuate-serrate.
 +
*Flowers unisexual, regular, 5-merous; male flowers in axillary, 10–20 cm long panicles; female flowers solitary, with inferior, 1-celled ovary.
 +
*Fruit an indehiscent, obliquely ovoid berry up to 16 cm long, tapering, flattened, white-green, sometimes with soft spines, many-seeded.
 +
*Seeds c. 1.5 cm in diameter, black.
  
 
== Other botanical information ==  
 
== Other botanical information ==  
  
 
+
''Cyclanthera'' is placed in ''Cyclanthereae'', an entirely New World tribe. ''[[Cyclanthera brachystachya]]'' (Ser.) Cogn. (synonym: ''Cyclanthera explodens'' Naudin, called ‘fat baby’) is cultivated locally in Cameroon at altitudes of 1500–2000 m as a fruit vegetable. It differs notably from ''Cyclanthera pedata'' in its explosively dehiscent, small fruits (2–4 cm long).
 
+
== Growth and development ==
+
 
+
 
+
  
 
== Ecology ==  
 
== Ecology ==  
  
 
''Cyclanthera pedata'' is fairly tolerant of cold and cultivated in the tropics at altitudes of 2000–3000 m.
 
''Cyclanthera pedata'' is fairly tolerant of cold and cultivated in the tropics at altitudes of 2000–3000 m.
 
== Propagation and planting ==
 
 
 
  
 
== Management ==  
 
== Management ==  
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== Author(s) ==  
 
== Author(s) ==  
  
* C.H. Bosch
+
* C.H. Bosch, PROTA Network Office Europe, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 341, 6700 AH Wageningen, Netherlands
 
+
PROTA Network Office Europe, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 341, 6700 AH Wageningen, Netherlands
+
  
 
== Correct citation of this article ==  
 
== Correct citation of this article ==  
  
Bosch, C.H., 2004. '''Cyclanthera pedata''' (L.) Schrad. [Internet] Record from PROTA4U. Grubben, G.J.H. & Denton, O.A. (Editors). PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa / Ressources végétales de l’Afrique tropicale), Wageningen, Netherlands. <http://www.prota4u.org/search.asp>.
+
Bosch, C.H., 2004. '''Cyclanthera pedata''' (L.) Schrad. [Internet] Record from PROTA4U. Grubben, G.J.H. & Denton, O.A. (Editors). PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa / Ressources végétales de l’Afrique tropicale), Wageningen, Netherlands.
  
 
Accessed {{CURRENTDAY}} {{CURRENTMONTHNAME}} {{CURRENTYEAR}}.
 
Accessed {{CURRENTDAY}} {{CURRENTMONTHNAME}} {{CURRENTYEAR}}.
  
 
* See the [http://www.prota4u.org/protav8.asp?en=1&p=Cyclanthera+pedata+(L.)+Schrad. Prota4U] database.
 
  
 
[[fr:{{PAGENAME}}]]
 
[[fr:{{PAGENAME}}]]
 
[[Category:PROTA]]
 
[[Category:PROTA]]
 
[[Category:Vegetables (PROTA)]]
 
[[Category:Vegetables (PROTA)]]

Latest revision as of 10:16, 16 May 2018

Prota logo orange.gif
Plant Resources of Tropical Africa
Introduction
List of species


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Cyclanthera pedata (L.) Schrad.


Protologue: Ind. sem. hort. acad. Goetting. (1831); Linnaea 8, Litt. Berichte: 23 (1833).
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Chromosome number: 2n = 16, 32

Vernacular names

  • Slipper gourd, lady’s slipper, stuffing cucumber, achocha (En).
  • Achocha (Fr).
  • Tamiá de comer, tamiá de cipó (Po).

Origin and geographic distribution

Cyclanthera pedata is a native of Andean South America, but now only known in cultivation or as an escape. It is cultivated from Mexico to Peru and Ecuador and also in the Old World tropics. In Africa cultivation is restricted to highlands of East Africa.

Uses

Young fruits are eaten raw or pickled. Older fruits are eaten after removal of the seeds and boiling. The taste is similar to that of cucumber. Young shoots and leaves are eaten as greens. Cyclanthera pedata has the reputation of being anti-inflammatory, hypocholesterolaemic and hypoglycaemic. An extract of the fruit is marketed under the name Cycladol.

Properties

The fruit contains per 100 g: water 94 g, protein 0.6 g, fat 0.1 g, carbohydrate 4 g, fibre 0.7 g, Ca 14 mg, P 14 mg, Fe 0.8 mg, thiamin 0.04 mg, riboflavin 0.04 mg, niacin 0.3 mg, ascorbic acid 14 mg (Rubatzky & Yamaguchi, 1997).

Investigations into the chemical constituents of Cyclanthera pedata seeds and fruits have revealed the presence of 6 flavon glycosides, 9 triterpenoid saponins and 6 cucurbitacin glycosides.

Description

  • Annual, monoecious vigorous vine; stem up to 5 m long, glabrous; tendrils bifid.
  • Leaves alternate, palmately 3–5-foliolate or simple but very deeply lobed; stipules absent; petiole 1–8 cm long; leaflets or lobes elliptical, sinuate-serrate.
  • Flowers unisexual, regular, 5-merous; male flowers in axillary, 10–20 cm long panicles; female flowers solitary, with inferior, 1-celled ovary.
  • Fruit an indehiscent, obliquely ovoid berry up to 16 cm long, tapering, flattened, white-green, sometimes with soft spines, many-seeded.
  • Seeds c. 1.5 cm in diameter, black.

Other botanical information

Cyclanthera is placed in Cyclanthereae, an entirely New World tribe. Cyclanthera brachystachya (Ser.) Cogn. (synonym: Cyclanthera explodens Naudin, called ‘fat baby’) is cultivated locally in Cameroon at altitudes of 1500–2000 m as a fruit vegetable. It differs notably from Cyclanthera pedata in its explosively dehiscent, small fruits (2–4 cm long).

Ecology

Cyclanthera pedata is fairly tolerant of cold and cultivated in the tropics at altitudes of 2000–3000 m.

Management

Propagation is by seed. Plants are spaced at 90 cm × 90 cm. They have to be staked. Fruits are harvested from about 3 months after planting. Plants usually remain productive with abundant fruiting for several months. Harvesting is preferably done when the fruits are full-sized but still immature.

Genetic resources

Interest in Cyclanthera pedata is mainly in the Americas and India, where commercial cultivars are marketed.

Prospects

In highland areas in tropical Africa Cyclanthera pedata certainly has a future as a vegetable crop. Products based on a fruit extract are marketed in the United States and western Europe as a herbal medicine against high cholesterol levels, and demand might well increase.

Major references

  • Jeffrey, C., 1967. Cucurbitaceae. In: Milne-Redhead, E. & Polhill, R.M. (Editors). Flora of Tropical East Africa. Crown Agents for Oversea Governments and Administrations, London, United Kingdom. 157 pp.
  • Montoro, P., Carbone, V., de Simone, F., Pizza, C. & de Tomassi, N., 2001. Studies on the constituents of Cyclanthera pedata fruits: isolation and structure elucidation of new flavonoid glycosides and their antioxidant activity. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 49(11): 5156–5160.
  • National Research Council, 1989. Lost crops of the Incas: little-known plants of the Andes with promise for worldwide cultivation. National Academy Press. Washington D.C., United States. 415 pp.
  • Rubatzky, V.E. & Yamaguchi, M., 1997. World vegetables: principles, production and nutritive values. 2nd Edition. Chapman & Hall, New York, United States. 843 pp.
  • van den Bergh, M.H., 1993. Minor vegetables. In: Siemonsma, J.S. & Kasem Piluek (Editors). Plant Resources of South-East Asia No 8. Vegetables. Pudoc Scientific Publishers, Wageningen, Netherlands. pp. 280–310.

Other references

  • Huxley, A. (Editor), 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. Volume 1. MacMillan Press, London, United Kingdom. 815 pp.
  • Jeffrey, C., 1980. A review of the Cucurbitaceae. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 81: 233–247.
  • Keraudren, M., 1967. Cucurbitacées (Cucurbitaceae). Flore du Cameroun. Volume 6. Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France. 192 pp.

Author(s)

  • C.H. Bosch, PROTA Network Office Europe, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 341, 6700 AH Wageningen, Netherlands

Correct citation of this article

Bosch, C.H., 2004. Cyclanthera pedata (L.) Schrad. [Internet] Record from PROTA4U. Grubben, G.J.H. & Denton, O.A. (Editors). PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa / Ressources végétales de l’Afrique tropicale), Wageningen, Netherlands.

Accessed 26 September 2022.