Cajanus scarabaeoides (PROSEA)
Cajanus scarabaeoides (L.) du Petit-Thouars
- Family: Leguminosae - Papilionoideae
- Atylosia scarabaeoides (L.) Benth.
- Indonesia: dele rambat, kacang gude, kedelen (Javanese)
- Philippines: kidalis logua (Maranao); mangkitbagin (Tagalog)
- Thailand: thua-pi
- Vietnam: dâu tương dại (Hanoi), báy nỡ (Hué).
Widespread in South and South-East Asia and northern Australia, and spreading in Africa and the Caribbean.
Component of ground cover and undergrowth in teak plantations and drought-resistant pasture. It improves barren rangeland, but its actual role as green manure is unknown.
- Prostrate herb or creeper-climber, puberulous.
- Leaves trifoliolate, petiole 4-20 mm, rachis 2-5 mm long. Leaflets obovate, 15-45 mm × 7-27 mm, coriaceous, with punctate glands below, sparsely white pubescent.
- Inflorescence a short, axillary raceme with 1-6 yellow flowers.
- Calyx up to 9 mm long, teeth lanceolate; standard obovate, sometimes with red veins.
- Pod oblong, 15-20 cm × 6-10 mm, constricted between the seeds, 2-6-seeded.
- Seed 4-5 mm × 2 mm, beetle-like because of the strophiole, greyish with black and cream mottle.
C. scarabaeoides occurs in open grassland, dry scrub vegetation and deciduous monsoon forest as a drought-resistant element in the dry season, up to 1000 m altitude. It acts against diarrhoea in cattle. A long-peduncled variety is found in northern Australia.
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