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Amelanchier canadensis

Amelanchier canadensis

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Order [[]]
Family [[]]
Genus [[]]

2n =

Origin : area of origin

wild or cultivated


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Uses summary



Description

Popular names

Classification

Cultivars

History

Uses

Amelanchier canadensis Medic. GRAPE-PEAR. JUNEBERRY. SERVICE BERRY. SHAD. SWEET PEAR. North America and eastern Asia. This bush or small tree, according to the variety, is a native of the northern portion of America and eastern Asia. Gray [1] describes five forms. For many years a Mr. Smith, [2] Cambridge, Massachusetts, has cultivated var. oblongifolia in his garden and in 1881 exhibited a plate of very palatable fruit at the Massachusetts Horticultural Society's show. The berries are eaten in large quantities, fresh or dried, by the Indians of the Northwest. The fruit is called by the French in Canada poires, in Maine sweet pear [3] and from early times has been dried and eaten by the natives. It is called grape-pear in places, and its fruit is of a purplish color and an agreeable, sweet taste. [4] The pea-sized fruit is said to be the finest fruit of the Saskatchewan country and to be used by the Cree Indians both fresh and dried. [5]

  1. Gray. A. Man. Bot. 162. 1868.
  2. Smith, B. G. Note by Sturtevant.
  3. Pickering, C. Chron. Hist. Pls. 804. 1879. (A. botryapium)
  4. Johns, C. A. Treas. Bot. 1:50. 1870.
  5. Don, G. Hist. Dichl. Pls. 2:604. 1832. (A. ovalis)


References

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