Adansonia digitata (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Adansonia digitata L.

Family: Bombacaceae

Vernacular names

  • General: baobab.


Origin in tropical Africa. Occasionally cultivated in dry regions of the tropics. In South-East Asia cultivated in Java and in the Philippines.


All parts of this famous African tree can be used. In Java it is cultivated for its edible fruits and as a shade tree.


A thornless, deciduous, very peculiar tree, up to 18 m tall, trunk short, bulging, bottle-shaped. Fruit an oblong or subclavate indehiscent capsule, 25-35 cm × 10-16 cm, woody, with pulpy, mildly acid sarcocarp. Normally in dry savanna land. In Africa very large and old specimens occur (several thousand years old). Flowers open at night, pollination is effected by bats.

Selected sources

3, 13, 51, 99.