Terminalia bellirica

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Terminalia bellirica
(Gaertn.) Roxb.

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Ordre Myrtales
Famille Combretaceae
Genre Terminalia

2n =

Origine : Inde, Malaysia

sauvage ou cultivé

Français '
Anglais '

Résumé des usages
  • médicinal : myrobolan bellérique
  • écorce : tanin
  • fruit : teinture et encre noires
  • graines : savon, huile pour cheveux
  • graines comestibles, mais toxiques
  • bois d'œuvre


Noms populaires

français myrobolan bellérique, myrobolan belleric
anglais belliric myrobalan, bahera, bedda nut tree
arabe بليلج - beliledj (Wikipédia - en)
sanscrit bibhita, बिभीतक - bibhitaka (Wikipédia - en) ; अक्षः - akshah, बहुवीर्य - bahuvirya, बिभीतकः - bibhitakah, कर्षः - karshah, विभीतकः - vibhitakah (Flowers of India)
hindi bahera (Wealth of India) ; बहेड़ा - bahera, बहुवीर्य - bahuvirya, भूतवास - bhutvaas, कल्क - kalk, कर्षफल - karshphal (Flowers of India)
ourdou bahera (Flowers of India)
bengali bhairah (Wealth of India) ; বহেড়া - baheda (Flowers of India)
marathi beheda (Wealth of India) ; बेहडा - behada, बिभीतक - bibhītaka, कलिद्रुम - kalidruma, वेहळा - vehala (Flowers of India)
gujerati બહેડા - baheda (Flowers of India)
konkani goting (Flowers of India)
telugu tani (Wealth of India) ; భూతావాసము - bhutavasamu, కర్షఫలము - karshaphalamu, తాడి - tadi, తాండ్రచెట్టు - tandrachettu, విభీతకము - vibhitakamu (Flowers of India)
tamoul tani (Wealth of India) ; தான்றி - tanri (Flowers of India)
kannada ತಾಱಿ, ತಾರಿ - taari, ತಾಱೆ, ತಾರೆ - taare, ತಾರೆಕಾಯಿ - taarekaayi (Flowers of India)
malayalam thani (Wealth of India) ; താന്നി - thaanni (Flowers of India)
oriya bhara (Wealth of India) ; bahada (Flowers of India)
manipuri ꯕꯍꯦꯔꯥ - bahera (Flowers of India)
népalais बर्रो - barro (Flowers of India)
assamais bauri (Flowers of India)
khasi dieng rinyn (Flowers of India)
mizo thingvandawt (Flowers of India)
Indonésie jaha kebo, jaha sapi (javanais), jaha (Madura), ulu belu (Sumatra) (PROSEA)
Malaysia jelawai, mentalun, simar kulihap (péninsule) (PROSEA)
Thaïlande si-ba-duu (karen, Chiang Mai), haen, haen-khao, haen-ton (nord), samo phi phek (centre) (PROSEA)
Vietnam bàng hôi, bàng ḿôc, nhú't, bàng nước, mung trằng, bông dêu (PROSEA)
Laos hèèn, nam kièng dam (PROSEA)
Cambodge srâmâr piphéék (PROSEA)
Birmanie thitsein (PROSEA)


Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb. (1805) ("1798") "bellerica"

basionyme :

  • Myrobalanus bellirica Gaertn. (1790)




Cultivated everywhere in India because of its fruits and the tannin-rich bark. The fruits are a source of black dyes and ink, and of myrobalm, which is used for tanning. Seeds are used for the production of hair oil and soap. Good timber. Kernels eaten, possibly toxic or narcotic.


This tree, in Sanskrit Bibhita and Bibhitaka (fearless), is avoided by the Hindus of Northern India, who will not sit in its shade, as it is supposed to be inhabited by demons. Two varieties of T. belerica are found in India, one with nearly globular fruit, 1/2 to 3/4 inch in diameter, the other with ovate and much larger fruit. The pulp of the fruit (Beleric myrobalan) is considered by ayurvedic physicians to be astringent and laxative, and is prescribed with salt and long pepper in infections of the throat and chest. As a constituent of the triphala (three fruits), i.e., emblic, beleric and chebulic myrobalans, it is employed in a great number of diseases, and the kernel is sometimes used as an external application to inflamed parts. On account of its medicinal properties the tree bears the Sanskrit synonym of Anila-ghnaka, or "wind-killing." According to the Nighantus the kernels are narcotic.

Dymock, Warden, Hooper (1890), Pharmacographia Indica.


  • Rollet, Bernard et coll., 2010. Arbres des Petites Antilles. Tome 1 : Introduction à la dendrologie. 276 p. Tome 2 : Description des espèces. 866 p. + 46 pl. coul. + CD de photos sur l'anatomie du bois. Basse-Terre, ONF. Voir sur Pl@ntUse.