Melaleuca cajuputi

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Melaleuca cajuputi Powell

alt=Description de l'image Melaleuca cajuputi.jpg.
Ordre Myrtales
Famille Myrtaceae
Genre Melaleuca

2n =

Origine : Australie, Nlle-Guinée, Indonésie, de Thaïlande au Vietnam

sauvage et cultivé


Résumé des usages
  • bois d'œuvre
  • bois de feu
  • feuilles et pousses : source d'huile essentielle (cajeput),
    médicinale, insecticide, cosmétique, alimentaire
  • médicinal : feuilles
  • écorce : rembourrage, emballage, isolation
  • mellifère
  • arbre d'ombrage
  • reforestation


Noms populaires

français cajeput
anglais cajeput, cajaput (Inde), cajuput, swamp tea-tree ; punk tree (Am)
sanscrit कायापुटी - kāyāputi
hindi kayaputi (Wealth of India)
bengali cajuputte, cajaputi (Wealth of India)
marathi cajuputa
tamoul kaiyappudai (Wealth of India)
Indonésie kayu putih (général), galam (sundanais), gelam (javanais, madurais) (PROSEA)
Malaysia kayu putih, gelam (PROSEA)
Thaïlande samet-khao (PROSEA)
Vietnam cây tràm (PROSEA)
Cambodge ស្មាច់ចន្លុះ - smach chanlos (PROSEA) (chanlos = torche)


Melaleuca cajuputi Powell (1809)

synonyme :




Cultivated mainly in Indonesia and Vietnam for the leaves and twigs. The timber serves for ship-construction, carpentry and turnery. The fresh leaves and young twigs contain the cajuput oil. It is used mainly for medicinal purposes, especially in the treatment of intestinal worms. In the producing countries the oil is also used as insecticide. It is very rich in cineole. Three subspecies had been described, only subsp. cajuputi is in cultivation; its native area is restricted to N Australia and E Indonesia. Melaleuca quinquenervia (Cav.) S.T. Blake in Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensl. 69 (1958) 76, also a member of the M. leucodendra complex. (broad-leaved paperbark or tea tree; Fr. niaouli) from E Australia, New Guinea and New Caledonia is widely cultivated in the Philippines, India, Hawaii, Caribbean area and Florida as a forestry tree and for windbreak. Its leaf oil (niaouli or gomen oil), is medicinally used, too, but comes from collecting natural stands only.