Ervilia sativa

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Ervilia sativa Link

alt=Description de l'image Vicia ervilia Sturm7.jpg.
Sturm, 1796. Deutschlands Flora
Ordre Fabales
Famille Fabaceae
Genre Ervilia

2n = 14

Origine : Méditerranée, Asie centrale

sauvage et cultivé

Français ers
Anglais bitter vetch

Résumé des usages
  • fourrage
  • légume sec


Noms populaires

français ers
anglais bitter vetch, ervil
allemand Linsenwicke, Steinlinse
italien ervo, moco, girlo
espagnol alacarceña, yero
portugais ervilha de pombo, gêro, orobo
polonais wyka soczewicowata (Podbielkowski)
russe француская чечевица - francuzskaja čečevica, горошек четкообразный - gorošek cvetkoobraznyj (Podbielkowski)
turc kara burçak
arabe karsanna


Ervilia sativa Link (1822)

basionyme :

synonyme :

  • Ervum ervilia L. (1753)
  • Vicia ervilia (L.) Willd. (1802)




Cultivated as a minor crop of diminishing importance in the Mediterranean area, in Near and Middle East countries, formerly also in southern parts of Central Europe and sometimes in western USA, recent main producer is Turkey, from which grains are exported to W Europe. It is used mainly as forage plant (green foder, grains, especially for sheep). Earlier it had been used for human food, too, but since Roman times it is mainly an animal feed. V. ervilia belongs to the old Near East crop assemblage, prehistoric remains are known from the 7/6th mill. BC from Anatolia and Greece, later also from Bulgaria and the Transcaucasus. The past centre of cultivation included the Levante, Turkey, SE Europe and domestication took place presumably in Anatolia. Here is also the centre of variation of this crop. The infraspecific variation (flower colour, number of flowers per raceme, size and colour of the pods, number of seeds, size, shape and colour of seeds, leaf characters) had been described by Barulina (1930).