Shorea roxburghii (PROSEA)
Shorea roxburghii G. Don
- Protologue: Gen. hist.: 813 (1831).
- Shorea talura Roxb. (1832),
- Shorea floribunda (Wallich) Kurz (1873),
- Shorea cochinchinensis Pierre (1889).
- Malaysia: meranti temak nipis, temak
- Burma: kaban-ywet-they, pantheya, panthitya
- Cambodia: popé:l
- Laos: khanho:m
- Thailand: phayom (general), khayom (northern), khiam (peninsular)
- Vietnam: sến cật, sến mủ, sên dỏ.
Eastern India, Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam and Peninsular Malaysia.
The timber is used as white meranti. A low-quality resin is obtained from the tree. In Cambodia the bark is used as a masticatory in the betel-quid. The tree also produces a dye.
- A small to fairly large tree up to 40 m tall, bole up to 95 cm in diameter, buttresses absent or small.
- Leaves elliptical-oblong, thin, 7.5-19 cm × 2.5-7 cm, with 12-20 pairs of secondary veins, lower surface glabrescent, petiole 14-45 mm long.
- Stamens 15, stylopodium absent.
- Larger fruit calyx lobes up to 9 cm × 1.2 cm.
S. roxburghii is common and occurs sometimes gregarious in dry evergreen, deciduous or bamboo forest with a preference for sandy soils up to 1200 m altitude. The density of the wood is 560-790 kg/m3 at 15% moisture content. See also the table on wood properties.
102, 141, 150, 253, 258, 297, 417, 495, 499, 514, 532, 600, 601, 606, 628, 677, 706, 748.
Main genus page
- M.S.M. Sosef (selection of species)