Shorea platycarpa (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Shorea platycarpa Heim

Protologue: Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris 2: 956 (1891).


  • Shorea palustris Ridley (1922).

Vernacular names

  • Brunei: meranti paya
  • Indonesia: lanan tembaga (South Kalimantan), meranti lengkung daun (Sumatra), pengerawan pepa (West Kalimantan)
  • Malaysia: meranti paya (general), perawan tulop (Sarawak), seraya paya (Sabah).


Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo and intervening islands.


The timber is used as light or dark red meranti.


  • A medium-sized to large tree up to 50 m tall with bole branchless for 18-26 m and up to 125 cm in diameter, buttresses up to 4 m high.
  • Leaves elliptical-oblong to broadly ovate, thinly leathery, 9-17 cm × 5.5-10 cm, with 16-20 pairs of secondary veins, lower surface scabrid tomentose.
  • Stamens 15, anthers subglobose with short appendages, stylopodium narrowly ovoid.
  • Larger fruit calyx lobes up to 6.5 cm × 1.2 cm.

S. platycarpa is locally common or semi-gregarious in mixed peat-swamp forest at 300-1350 m altitude. The density of the wood is 515-865 kg/m3 at 15% moisture content and the wood is therefore comparatively heavy.

Selected sources

30, 89, 100, 102, 253, 258, 514, 677, 748.

Main genus page


M.S.M. Sosef (selection of species)