Shorea macroptera (PROSEA)
From PlantUse English
Shorea macroptera Dyer
- Protologue: Fl. Brit. India 1: 308 (1874).
- Shorea bailloni Heim (1891),
- Shorea sandakanensis Sym. (1938).
- Brunei: meranti melantai
- Indonesia: meranti kuning (eastern Sumatra), lukup (Riau Archipelago), sepit udang (northern Kalimantan), tengerangan sibu (East Kalimantan)
- Malaysia: meranti melantai (Peninsular, Sarawak), seraya melantai (Sabah)
- Thailand: chanhoi (peninsular).
Peninsular Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, eastern Sumatra and Borneo.
The timber is a valuable source of light red meranti and is sometimes traded separately as "melantai". A resin called "damar batu" or "damar daging" has been collected but is of little value. The bark is favoured locally for walls, floors and roofs.
- A medium-sized to very large tree up to 60 m tall with bole branchless for 18-27 m and up to 135 cm in diameter, buttresses up to 2.5 m high.
- Leaves narrowly elliptical to oblong, 8-19 cm × 3-7(-9.5) cm, with 10-15 pairs of secondary veins, lower surface shiny.
- Stamens 15, anthers broadly oblong, with short appendages, stylopodium conical.
- Larger fruit calyx lobes up to 12 cm × 2.3 cm, with 2 auricles.
S. macroptera is a very variable species with 4 subspecies and occurs on well-drained clay soils on undulating land and hillsides up to 900 m altitude. The density of the wood is 370-770 kg/m3 at 15% moisture content. See also the table on wood properties.
30, 89, 100, 102, 125, 253, 258, 318, 357, 476, 514, 628, 677, 716, 748.
Main genus page
M.S.M. Sosef (selection of species)