Shorea acuminata (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Shorea acuminata Dyer

Protologue: Fl. Brit. India 1: 305 (1874).

Vernacular names

  • Indonesia: bunia, meranti hitam batang (western Sumatra, Riau), meranti sarang burung (eastern Sumatra)
  • Malaysia: meranti hijau, meranti rambai daun (Peninsular).


Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, the Riau and Lingga Archipelago.


The timber is used as light or dark red meranti. The tree yields a low-grade resin.


  • A large tree up to 54 m tall, bole branchless for 18-31 m and up to 180 cm in diameter, buttresses prominent, up to 1.5 m high.
  • Leaves ovate-falcate, 6-12 cm × 2.6-6 cm, with 7-11 pairs of arched secondary veins, shiny beneath, stipules more than 20 mm long.
  • Petals dark wine red, stamens 15, with subglobose anthers, ovary without a stylopodium.
  • Larger fruit calyx lobes up to 9 cm × 1.2 cm.

S. acuminata occurs on well-drained undulating land up to 400 m altitude. The density of the wood is 350-700 kg/m3 at 15% moisture content. See also the table on wood properties.

Selected sources

102, 125, 136, 137, 253, 258, 417, 514, 645, 677, 743, 748.

Main genus page


M.S.M. Sosef (selection of species)