Piper caducibracteum (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Piper caducibracteum C. DC.

Family: Piperaceae

Vernacular names

  • Indonesia: amelaun albar (Ambon), sirih kandati, sirih utan (Moluccas).


Indonesia (Moluccas).


The fresh or dried bark, the petioles and the young leaves can be used as a substitute for the leaf of Piper betle L.


A dioecious, woody, straggling shrub with glabrous stems about 2 cm thick. Leaves arranged spirally; petiole up to 1 cm long, sheathing at base; blade ovate-elliptical, up to 18 cm × 8 cm, palmately 5-9-veined, base slightly unequal, apex acutely acuminate. Flowers sessile in solitary spikes up to 4.5 cm long; peduncle as long as or slightly longer than the petiole; rachis of male and female spikes hirsute, with peltate, deciduous bracts about 1 mm long; male flower with 2 stamens. Fruit a berry, obovoid, about 1.5 mm long, glabrous, dark brown to black. P. caducibracteum is locally common, straggling over other shrubs.

Selected sources

30, 45.


M.S.M. Sosef