Oreodoxa-Orthosiphon (Sturtevant, 1919)

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Sturtevant, Notes on edible plants, 1919
Oreodoxa-Orthosiphon (Sturtevant, 1919)

Oreodoxa oleracea Mart.


West Indies. This is the cabbage palm of tropical America. The terminal bud, of a white color internally and of delicate flavor, serves as a vegetable. Seemann says the heart is made into pickles or, when boiled, is served at table. The pith makes a sort of sago.

Origanum heracleoticum Linn.


Mediterranean region. This species has been identified with the Cunila gallinacea of Pliny. It is mentioned in the early botanies, is said to have reached England in 1640 and is recorded in American gardens in 1806. It finds mention by Burr in 1863 but seems now to have disappeared from our seed-lists. It is frequently mentioned by early garden writers under the name winter sweet marjoram and has a variegated variety. It is an aromatic of sweet flavor and is much used for soups, broths and stuffings.

Origanum majorana Linn.


Europe. Sweet marjoram was introduced into British gardens in 1573. This is the species usually present in the herb garden. It is supposed to be the amaracus of Pliny, who speaks of it as cultivated. It is also the marjorana of Albertus Magnus in the thirteenth century and is mentioned as cultivated in the early botanies. Its modern culture is quite extended, and at Bombay it is considered sacred to Siva and Vishnu. It is said to have reached Britain in 1573 and was a wellknown inmate in American gardens in 1806. This biennial, always treated as an annual, is highly aromatic and is much used, both in the green state and when dried, for flavoring broths, soups and stuffings.

Origanum onites Linn.


Southeast Europe, Asia Minor and Syria. Pot marjoram is a perennial species from Sicily. Pliny 10 speaks of this species as called onitin, or prasion, in the first century. Its introduction into Britain is said to have taken place in i759.11 It was in American gardens in i8o6 12 but does not appear to have been much cultivated, although recorded by Burr in 1863. Its name does not now occur in our seed-lists as it is inferior to the preceding variety.

Origanum vulgare Linn.


North Africa, Europe and adjoining Asia. This species has become sparingly naturalized in eastern America. Don says it is used in cookery only in default of one of the other majorams. McIntosh says that the leaves and tender tops are in constant demand and that the leaves are used in many places as a substitute for tea. Lightfoot says in some parts of Sweden the peasantry put the leaves into their ale to give it an intoxicating quality and to prevent its turning sour. It is included among garden herbs by Burr.

Ornithogalum pilosum Linn. f.


South Africa. The roots, according to Pallas, are eaten by the Greeks of the Crimea.

Ornithogalum pyrenaicum Linn.


Europe and adjoining Asia. In England, the young shoots of this plant are used as asparagus.

Ornithogalum umbellatum Linn.


Northern Africa, Asia Minor and Europe. The bulbs, says Johnson, are very nutritious and form a palatable and wholesome food when boiled. In the East they are often eaten and were probably the dove's dung mentioned in the Bible.

Orontium aquaticum Linn.


North America. The seeds of this species were gathered and dried by the Indians. Repeated boilings were necessary to fit them for use, the product resembling peas. The root is acrid but is rendered edible by roasting.

Orthanthera viminea Wight


Northwest India. In India, the flower-buds, raw or cooked, according to Brandis, are eaten as a vegetable.

Orthosiphon rubicundus Benth.


East Indies and Burma. The tubers are said to be eaten in Madagascar.