Eugenia (Sturtevant, 1919)

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Sturtevant, Notes on edible plants, 1919
Eugenia (Sturtevant, 1919)

Eugenia acris Wight & Am.

Myrtaceae. WILD CLOVE.

East Indies and West Indies. In Jamaica, the aromatic, astringent leaves are often used in sauce and the berries for culinary purposes.8 In Hindustan, it is called lung.

Eugenia apiculata DC.

Chile. The fruit is eaten.

Eugenia aquea Burm. f.

A tree of India, called lal jumrool. The fruit is the size of a small apple, is of a waxy appearance and of somewhat aromatic taste but is hardly eatable. There are two varieties, a white and a pale rose-colored fruit.

Eugenia arnottiana Wight.

East Indies. The fruit is eaten by the natives of India, though, owing to its. astringency, it is by no means palatable.

Eugenia arrabidae Berg.

Brazil. The berries are eaten.

Eugenia brasiliensis Lam.


Brazil. This species furnishes an edible fruit. It is grown under the name of Brazil cherry in the Public Gardens of Jamaica.

Eugenia caryophyllata Thunb.


The clove tree is a handsome evergreen, native of the Moluccas. It was introduced to the Mauritius in 1770, thence to Cayenne in 1773; to Zanzibar about the end of the century and to Jamaica in 1789. The cloves of commerce are the unexpanded flower-buds. Cloves were known to the ancient Greek and Roman writers. They were brought from the far East to Ceylon in the days of Cosmas Indicopleustes, in the first half of the sixth century, and were known in the Mediterranean countries to Paulus Aegineta, A. D. 634. Clove stalks were an article of import into Europe during the Middle Ages. Clove leaves were imported into Palestine in the twelfth century and were sold at Frankfort in Germany about 1450. The stalks are still an object of trade from Zanzibar, where they are called by the natives vikunia; they are tolerably aromatic, and are used for adulterating ground cloves. For many years, the Dutch exercised a strict monopoly in the growth of this spice, by restricting its cultivation to the island of Amboina and even extirpating all but a limited number of the trees, but they are now grown in the West Indies and elsewhere.

Eugenia catinga Baill.

Guiana. The fruit is eaten.

Eugenia cauliflora Berg.

Brazil. The jacbuticaba grows wild in the woods of the south of Brazil and is also cultivated in most of the gardens in the diamond and gold districts. The fruit is black, about the size of a Green Gage plum, of a pulpy consistency and very refreshing. Unger says the fruit is of the size of an Oxheart cherry and under the tender, black epidermis there is a white, soft and even juicy flesh in which are two or three seeds. It is inferior in taste to our cherry. In Brazil, it is much esteemed. It has been planted in the Antilles and even introduced into the East Indies.

Eugenia cordifolia Wight.

Ceylon. The fruit is an inch in diameter.

Eugenia darwinii Hook. f.

Chile. The fruits are eaten.

Eugenia dichotoma DC.

North America and West Indies. The small, edible fruit is of an agreeable, aromatic flavor.

Eugenia disticha DC.


Jamaica. The fruit is eaten in the Antilles.

Eugenia djouat Perr.

Philippine Islands. It yields an edible fruit.

Eugenia dulcis Berg.

Brazil. The berries are eaten.

Eugenia dysenterica DC.

Brazil. This is an excellent dessert fruit.

Eugenia edulis Benth. & Hook. f.

Brazil. The berries are eaten.

Eugenia floribunda West.

Santa Cruz. The fruit is edible.

Eugenia formosa Cambess.

Brazil. The berries are eaten.

Eugenia fragrans Willd.


West Indies. The fruit is eaten in the Antilles.

Eugenia guabiju Berg.

Region of Argentina. The berries are eaten in Brazil.

Eugenia inocarpa DC.

Brazil. The fruit is about the size of a plum, with a fibrous., acid-sweet flesh.

Eugenia itacolumensis Berg.

Brazil. The berries are eaten.

Eugenia jambolana Lam.


Asia and Australian tropics. This tree yields in India, says Dutt, an abundant crop of subacid, edible fruits. In some places, the fruit attains the size of a pigeon egg and is of superior quality. Brandis says the fruit has a harsh but sweetish flavor, somewhat astringent and acid, and is much eaten by the natives of India. Firminger compares it to a damson in appearance and to a radish in taste.

Eugenia jambos Linn.


Tropical eastern Asia. The tree is cultivated in many parts of India for its fruit, which is of the size of a small apple, with a delicate, rose-water perfume but dry and hardly worth eating. It can hardly be considered eatable, being of a poor flavor and of a dry, pithy consistency but is made into preserves. The tree was introduced into Jamaica in 1762. The rind, says Lunan, has a sweetish, watery taste, with a flavor like roses but it is not in much esteem as a fruit. It was introduced into Florida by C. Codrington, Jacksonville, before 1877.

Eugenia javanica Lam.


A moderate-sized tree of the islands of the Indian Archipelago. The fruit is the size of a small apple, pure white, shining, wax-like and has a raw, watery, insipid taste. It is hardly fit to be eaten.

Eugenia ligustrina Miq.

Brazil. The berries are eaten in Brazil.

Eugenia lineata DC.


West Indies. A small tree of Tortola. The fruit is small and excellent for dessert. It is also used for a preserve and forms a favorite cordial.

Eugenia longipes Berg.

Florida. The small, red fruit with the flavor of cranberries is edible.

Eugenia luschnathiana Klotzsch.

Brazil. The berries are eaten.

Eugenia mabaeoides Wight.

Ceylon. The fruit is the size of a small cherry.

Eugenia macrocarpa Roxb.

East Indies, where it is called chalta-jamb. The fruit is eaten by the natives.

Eugenia makapa Mer. et Lens (?)


This tree is cultivated in the Mauritius under several varieties. The fruit is pear-shaped and edible. The jambosine was introduced into Florida at Jacksonville before 1877.

Eugenia malaccensis Linn.


A tree of the Moluccas, cultivated in the Indian Archipelago, Pacific islands, China and India. "The fruit," says Capt. Cook, at Batavia, "is of a deep red color and an oval shape; the largest, which are always the best, are not bigger than a small apple; they are pleasant and cooling, though they have not much flavor." Rheede says the fruit is of the size and shape of a moderate pear, white with a blush of red, of a very agreeable, vinous taste and smell. Firminger says the fruit is of the size and form of a very small apple, perfectly smooth, of a pure, translucent white, with a beautiful blush of crimson and that some persons eat it but it is not worth eating. Seemann says that it is quince-shaped, with an apple-like smell and delicate flavor. In 1839, a specimen of the fruit grown under glass at Cambridge, Massachusetts, was exhibited at the Massachusetts Horticultural Society's exhibition and the fruit was pronounced most delicious, partaking of the fragrance of the rose with the sweetness of the peach. The flowers are preserved by the Dutch at Amboina and are frequently eaten as a salad.

Eugenia myrobalana DC.

Brazil. The berries are eaten in Brazil.

Eugenia nhanica Cambess.

Brazil. The berries are used as a table fruit.

Eugenia oblata Roxb.

East Indies. It is called goolam and is cultivated for its fruit.

Eugenia operculata Roxb.

Tropical Asia. The fruit is round, of the size and appearance of small, black cherries and is very generally eaten in Chittagong. The fruit is eaten. E. pisiformis Cambess.

Brazil. The berries are eaten.

Eugenia pitanga Kiaersk.


Brazil. Hartt says its refreshingly acid, red fruit is eaten.

Eugenia procera Poir.


Santo Domingo and south Florida, where it is called ironwood. The round berry, the size of a pepper, is edible.

Eugenia pseudopsidium Jacq.

Martinique. The fruit is edible and is held in considerable esteem in the West Indies.

Eugenia pulchella Roxb.

Moluccas. It bears a fruit like the black currant.

Eugenia pumila Gardn.

Brazil. The berries are eaten in Guiana.

Eugenia pyriformis Cambess.

Brazil. The fruit is the size of a pear.

Eugenia rariflora Benth.

Fiji Islands. The fruit resembles a cherry in size and shape and is edible.

Eugenia revoluta Wight.

East Indies. The berries are an inch in diameter.

Eugenia richii A. Gray.

Pacific islands. In Viti, the agreeably-smelling fruit is eaten.

Eugenia suborbicularis Benth.

Australia. The fruit is large, red, with small stone and is eaten when ripe.

Eugenia supraaxillaris Spring.


Southern Brazil. The fruit is large and edible.

Eugenia temu Hook. & Arn.

Chile. The fruit is eaten.

Eugenia uniflora Linn.


Tropical America, where it is called pitanga. In India, this species appears to be cultivated under the names of Brazil cherry and cherry of Cayenne. The fruit of this large shrub is about the size of a button and is considered agreeable by the natives.

Eugenia zeyheri Harv.

South Africa. The berries are the size of a cherry and are edible.