Eryngium mirandum (Gintzburger et al., 2003)

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Dorema sabulosum
Gintzburger et al., Rangelands in Uzbekistan, 2003
Eryngium mirandum (Gintzburger et al., 2003)
Ferula assa-foetida
Eryngium mirandum
Eryngium mirandum

Eryngium mirandum Bobr.

Local name:

  • Russian: Синеголовник удивительный - sinegolovnik udivitel'nyj
  • Kazakh: Kok-Bas
  • Uzbek: Kuktikan

Chromosome number: n = 7 (Wanscher 1934; Darlington and Wylie 1955; Fedorov 1969); n = 8 (Takhtadzhyan 1987).

Description and morphology: Perennial herb (height 40–60 cm). Stem: singular, whitish strongly ribbed. Leaves: complete or pinnatisected, usually with sharply thorny-toothed margins; lower reverse-lanceolate, on long petioles; stemmed, broad, sheathing. Umbels simple, in a compact, spherical capitate inflorescence (1–2 cm in diameter); involucral leaves twice the size of head. Calyx segments strongly dentate, rigid, sharp. Flowers: bisexual; dark blue, sessile, subtended by spiny bracteoles.

Reproduction: Sexual. Entomophilous. Flower and fruit maturation: May–June. Fruit: elliptic to cylindrical, ridges not prominent, covered by whitish, condensed scales or tubercles; carpophore adnate to mericarps.

Pastoral importance: Not grazed, except by camels.

Economic interest: Medicinal plant. Contains volatile oils, flavones, glycosides, saponins, etc. Used in traditional medicine.

Habitat: Widespread on disturbed loamy clay/rocky, gravelly slopes of low mountains and desert/semi-desert stony soils.

Distribution: Central Asia, Caucasus, European part of Russia, southern Africa, South and South-east Asia. Mediterranean regions.