Crinum latifolium (PROSEA)
- Protologue: Sp. pl. 1: 291 (1753).
Crinum moluccanum Roxb. (1859).
- Philippines: lirio, bakong (Tagalog)
- Thailand: waan kho daeng (Bangkok), waan raeng khokham (central)
- Vietnam: náng lá rộng, trinh nữ hoàng cung.
Native to tropical Asia, possibly India, cultivated in Asia as an ornamental, sometimes escaped.
The bulbs are extremely acid. In India, when roasted, they are used as a rubefacient in rheumatism, or crushed on piles and abscesses to cause suppuration. The juice of the leaves is used for earache.
A herb up to 150 m tall, bulb 8-15 cm in diameter; leaves 12-20, oblong-linear, 60-120 cm × 4-7 cm, margins distantly serrated, rough; umbel 10-20-flowered, scape as long as the leaves, green or purplish-green, bracts 5-7 cm long, very broadly ovate, purplish; flowers fragrant, corolla tube 10-13 cm long, curved, green, tinged with purple, lobes oblong-lanceolate, 8-13 cm × 2.5-3.5 cm, white, flushed with pale purple in median part, stamens declinate, filaments 5.5-9 cm long, white, anthers 2.5-3 cm long, yellow, becoming purple-grey, style 17-23 cm long, white; capsule rarely formed, rounded, 4-5 cm in diameter. C. latifolium is known from cultivation only.