Bryophyllum proliferum (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Bryophyllum proliferum Bowie

Protologue: Curtis's Bot. Mag., ser. III, 15: t. 5147 (1859).


  • Kalanchoe prolifera (Bowie) Hamet (1908).

Vernacular names

  • Indonesia: buntiris (Sundanese).


B. proliferum is native to Madagascar and was introduced into Java long ago. It is naturalized in mountainous parts of West Java.


The fresh leaves of B. proliferum may well be used in a similar way as with B. pinnatum. It is sometimes cultivated as a hedge plant.


  • An erect shrub 50-200 cm tall, quite glabrous.
  • Lower and topmost leaves of flowering plants not deeply divided, middle ones deeply pinnatisect with oblong segments, 5-23 cm × 2-8 cm, slightly or rather deeply crenate, very fleshy, petiole robust, semi-amplexicaulous.
  • Inflorescence a terminal cyme, 50-80 cm long.
  • Flowers pendulous, with broad and cuspidate calyx lobes, corolla tube cylindrical, 2-2.5 cm long, distinctly constricted above the base, shortly 4-lobed, lobes ovate, 3-5 mm long, shortly acuminate, red.

B. proliferum is found naturalized in hedges, thickets and roadsides between 1000 m and 1600 m in Java.

Selected sources

  • Anderson, J.D., Mandava, N. & Garrett, S., 1975. Inhibition of hormone induced ethylene synthesis by the indole plant growth inhibitor from Abrus precatorius seeds. Plant and Cell Physiology 16(2): 233-236.
  • Backer, C.A. & Bakhuizen van den Brink Jr, R.C., 1963-1968. Flora of Java. 3 volumes. Noordhoff, Groningen, the Netherlands. Vol. 1 (1963) 647 pp., Vol. 2 (1965) 641 pp., Vol. 3 (1968) 761 pp.
  • Lauzac Marchal, M., 1974. Taxonomie végétale - Réhabilitation du genre Bryophyllum Salisb. (Crassulacées, Kalanchoïdées). [Plant taxonomy - Rehabilitation of the genus Bryophyllum Salisb. (Crassulaceae, Kalanchoideae)]. Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des Sciences Paris. Série D. Sciences naturelles 278: 2505-2508.
  • Mansfeld, R., 1986. Verzeichnis landwirtschaflicher und gaertnerischer Kulturpflanzen (ohne Zierpflanzen) [Register of agricultural and horticultural plants (withouth ornamentals)]. 2nd Edition, revised by J. Schultze Motel. 4 volumes. Springer Verlag, Berlin, Germany. 1998 pp.
  • McKenzie, R.A. & Dunster, P.J., 1986. Hearts and flowers: Bryophyllum poisonoing of cattle. Australian Veterinary Journal 63(7): 222-227.
  • Wagner, K., Fischer, M. & Lotter, H., 1985. Isolation and structure determination of daigremontianin, a novel bufadienolide from Kalanchoe daigremontiana. Planta Medica 51: 169-170.

Main genus page


  • Wardah & M. Brink