Albizia carbonaria (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Albizia carbonaria Britton

Family: Leguminosae - Mimosoideae


  • Albizia sumatrana Steenis.


Native to tropical Central and South America, introduced into India, Sri Lanka and Indonesia.


Grown as a shade tree in tea plantations in Asia, in coffee plantations in Puerto Rico and Colombia.


  • Tree up to 25 m tall and 60 cm in diameter, with flattened, spreading, thin crown. Bark light grey, scaly.
  • Leaves alternate, bipinnate, 10-25 cm long; pinnae 8-17 pairs, 7-10 cm long; leaflets 15-25 pairs, oblong, 0.5-1 cm × 1.5 mm, base oblique or unequal, apex blunt, upper surface dull green, puberulous, lower surface paler.
  • Flowers in many-headed clusters; calyx narrow, bell-shaped, hairy, 5-toothed, greenish; corolla 5 mm long, with narrow tube, 5-lobed.
  • Fruit a 15-25-seeded pod, abruptly pointed at apex, short cuneate at base.

A. carbonaria grows rapidly, is short-lived and its branches are fragile. The wood is pale brown and soft. In tea plantations in Indonesia it is grown up to 1300 m altitude.

Selected sources

  • Backer, C.A. & Bakhuizen van den Brink Jr., R.C., 1963-1968. Flora of Java. 3 volumes. Wolters-Noordhoff, Groningen, the Netherlands. 647, 641, 761 pp.
  • Flora Malesiana (various editors), 1950-. Series 1. Volume 1, 4-. Kluwer, Dordrecht & Flora Malesiana Foundation, Leiden, the Netherlands.
  • Little, E.L., Woodbury, R.O. & Wadsworth, F.H., 1964-1974. (Common) trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Agricultural Handbook 249 & 449. United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington, D.C., United States. 548, 1024 pp.
  • Nielsen, I., 1985. The Malesian species of Acacia and Albizia (Leguminosae - Mimosoideae). Opera Botanica 81: 1-50.


  • M.S.M. Sosef & L.J.G. van der Maesen