Abutilon indicum (PROSEA)

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Plant Resources of South-East Asia
List of species

Abutilon indicum (L.) Sweet

Protologue: Hort. Brit. 1: 54 (1826).

Vernacular names

  • Country mallow, moon-flower (En). Fausse guimauve (Fr)
  • Indonesia: belangan sumpa (Palembang), cemplok (Javanese), kecil (Moluccas)
  • Malaysia: bunga kisar, kembang lohor (Peninsular)
  • Philippines: malbas, tabing (Tagalog), dalupang (Bisaya)
  • Thailand: phong phaang (eastern), khrop fan see (central), ma kong khaao (northern)
  • Cambodia: dok toc lai
  • Laos: houk phao ton. Vienam: cối xay, dằng xay.


A. indicum occurs in tropical and warm temperate countries throughout the world. Some varieties are restricted to the Old World.


A. indicum leaves are widely used as a demulcent and a diuretic. The decoction of the leaves, flowers or seeds is also used to treat fever, colic, and for cleaning wounds and ulcers.


A very variable undershrub, usually up to 1 m tall; stems, petioles and pedicels densely covered with downy stellate hairs, no glandular hairs; corolla yellow to pale orange, without purple centre; seed glabrous, or covered with tiny scales or minute stellate hairs. A. indicum is very common ruderally around villages and roadsides, along the beach and in secondary bushes, at low altitudes.

Selected sources


  • Burkill, I.H., 1966. A dictionary of the economic products of the Malay Peninsula. Revised reprint. 2 volumes. Ministry of Agriculture and Co-operatives, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Vol. 1 (A-H) pp. 1-1240, Vol. 2 (I-Z) pp. 1241-2444.


  • Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, 1948-1976. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials & industrial products. 11 volumes. Publications and Information Directorate, New Delhi, India.264, 332, 380, 701, 739, 786.


Balu Perumal