Abrus precatorius (PROSEA)

From PlantUse English
Jump to: navigation, search
Logo PROSEA.png
Plant Resources of South-East Asia
Introduction
List of species


Abrus precatorius L.

Protologue: Syst. nat. ed. 12: 472 (1767).

Vernacular names

  • Indian liquorice, jequirity bean, crab's eye (En).
  • Jéquirity, liane réglisse (Fr)
  • Indonesia: saga, saga manis (general), saga telik (Javanese)
  • Malaysia: akar saga
  • Philippines: saga, kansasaga, bangati (general)
  • Burma (Myanmar): ywe-nge
  • Cambodia: ângkreem, kre:m krâ:m (Kompong Thom)
  • Laos: khua sa em, makam
  • Thailand: ma klam taanuu (Bangkok), klam khruea (Chiang Mai), ma khaam thao (Trang)
  • Vietnam: dâ cườm thảo, cam thảo dâ, dâ tương tư.

Distribution

Africa, tropical and subtropical America (introduced), tropical Asia, Australia and the Pacific Islands; throughout South-East Asia.

Uses

The seeds have played an important role in the treatment of conjuctivitis in various parts of the world. An extract of roots and leaves is a traditional cure for aphtha. In coastal areas of Papua New Guinea, leaves are chewed for a week as a traditional treatment for asthma. The leaves are also used in the same way as liquorice. The seeds are used in ornaments.

Observations

  • A woody climber up to 6(-9) m long, stems often attaining 1.5 cm in diameter.
  • Leaves with 16-34 oblong, obovate-oblong or ovate leaflets, obtuse to acuminate at apex.
  • Inflorescence thick and robust, usually curved.
  • Flowers in dense clusters on cushion-like nodes.
  • Fruit oblong, inflated, 1-7-seeded.
  • Seeds ovoid, scarlet with area around the hilum black, rarely entirely black, whitish or yellowish.

The African material has been separated as subsp. africanus Verdc., based on minor differences in pod characteristics from the Asian subsp. precatorius. A. precatorius occurs in grasslands, cropped land (also as a weed), thickets, edges of monsoon rain forest and gallery forest up to 1500 m altitude.

Selected sources

  • Anderson, J.D., Mandava, N. & Garrett, S., 1975. Inhibition of hormone induced ethylene synthesis by the indole plant growth inhibitor from Abrus precatorius seeds. Plant and Cell Physiology 16(2): 233-236.
  • Barri, M.E.S., El Dirdiri, N.I., Abu Damir, H. & Idris, O.F., 1990. Toxicity of Abrus precatorius in Nubian goats. Veterinary and Human Toxicology 32(6): 541-545.
  • Brown, W.H., 1951-1957. Useful plants of the Philippines. Reprint of the 1941-1943 edition. 3 volumes. Technical Bulletin 10. Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Bureau of Printing, Manila, the Philippines. Vol. 1 (1951) 590 pp., Vol. 2 (1954) 513 pp., Vol. 3 (1957) 507 pp.
  • Bruneton, J., 1995. Pharmacognosy, phytochemistry, medicinal plants. Technique & Documentation Lavoisier, Paris, France. 915 pp.
  • Budavari, S. (Editor), 1989. The Merck Index, an Encyclopedia of Chemicals, Drugs and Biologicals. 11th Edition. Merck & Co. Inc. Rahway, New Jersey, United States.
  • Burkill, I.H., 1966. A dictionary of the economic products of the Malay Peninsula. Revised reprint. 2 volumes. Ministry of Agriculture and Co operatives, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Vol. 1 (A-H) pp. 1-1240. Vol. 2 (I- Z) pp. 1241-2444.
  • Choi, Y.H., Hussain, R.A., Pezzuto, J.M., Kinghorn, A.D. & Morton, J.F., 1989. Abrusosides A-D, four novel sweet tasting triterpene glycosides from the leaves of Abrus precatorius. Journal of Natural Products 52(5): 1118-1127.
  • Citores, L. et al., 1993. Molecular mechanism of inhibition of mammalian protein synthesis by some four chain agglutinins. Proposal of an extended classification of plant ribosome inactivating proteins rRNA N glucosidases. FEBS (Federation of European Biochemical Societies) Letters 329(1-2): 59-62.
  • D'Silva, I., Vaidyanathan, C.S. & Podder, S.K., 1993. Ribosome inactivating proteins and agglutinins from callus and suspension cultures of Ricinus communis L. and Abrus precatorius L. Plant Science (Limerick) 94(1-2): 161-172.
  • Dharma, A.P., 1981. Indonesische geneeskrachtige planten [Indonesian medicinal plants]. De Driehoek, Amsterdam, the Netherlands. 168 pp.
  • Dimetry, N.Z., El Gengaihi, S., Reda, A.S. & Amer, S.A.A., 1992. Biological effects of some isolated Abrus precatorius L. alkaloids towards Tetranychus urticae Koch. Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde, Pflanzenschutz, Umweltschutz 65(5): 99-101.
  • Doan Thi Nhu, Nguyen Thuong Thuc, Do Huy Bich & Vu Thuy Huyen (Editors), 1991. Les plants médicinales au Vietnam. Livre 1. Médicine traditionelle et pharmacopée [The medicinal plants of Vietnam. Volume 1. Traditional medicine and pharmacopoeia]. Agence de coopération Culturelle et Technique, Paris, France. 201 pp.
  • Emmyzar & Rahmat, E.M., 1993. Budidaya dan peluang pengembangan saga manis [Cultural practices and development opportunity for Abrus precatorius]. Warta Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia 2(2): 30-31.
  • Fodstad, O., Johannessen, J.V., Schjerven, L. & Pihl, A., 1979. Toxicity of abrin and ricin in mice and dogs. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health 5(6): 1073-1084.
  • Hasanah, M., Rachmat, E.M. & Wahab, M.I., 1993. Studi pemecahan dormansi pada benih saga, Abrus precatorius L. [A study on seed dormancy breaking in saga, Abrus precatorius L.]. Warta Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia 2(2): 23-25.
  • Hedge, R., Maiti, T.K. & Podder, S.K., 1991. Purification and characterization of three toxins and two agglutinins from Abrus precatorius seed by using lactamyl sepharose affinity chromatography. Analytical Biochemistry 194: 101-109.
  • Heyne, K., 1950. De nuttige planten van Indonesië [The useful plants of Indonesia]. 3rd Edition. 2 volumes. W. van Hoeve, 's Gravenhage, the Netherlands/Bandung, Indonesia. 1660 + CCXLI pp.
  • Holdsworth, D.K., 1977. Medicinal plants of Papua New Guinea. Technical Paper No 175. South Pacific Commission, Noumea, New Caledonia. 123 pp.
  • Hung, C.H., Lee, M.C., Lee, T.C. & Lin, J.Y., 1993. Primary structure of three distinct isoabrins determined by cDNA sequencing: conservation and significance. Journal of Molecular Biology 229(1): 263-267.
  • Kalpana Dixit, Shukla, H.S. & Dubey, P., 1986. Fungitoxic properties of some seedling extracts. National Academy of Science Letters 9(8): 219-221.
  • Karnick, C.R., 1978. Responses of lunar phases on the growth of Abrus precatorius Linn. (Leguminosae) and its effects as crude drug on diseases. Acta Horticulturae 73: 239-247.
  • Kato, S., Awaya, K., Nakatsukasa, Y. & Okuda, Y., 1981. Blastogenic property of lectin from jequirity beans (Abrus precatorius). Bulletin of the Yamaguchi Medical School 28(1-2): 27-34.
  • Kaufman, S.J. & McPherson, A., 1975. Abrin and hurin: two new lymphocyte mitogens. Cell 4(3): 263-268.
  • Kaushik, P. & Khanna, P., 1992. Insecticidal substances from in vivo and in vitro tissue culture of Abrus precatorius L. Advances in Plant Sciences 5(2): 464-469.
  • Kimura, M., Sumizawa, T. & Funatsu, G., 1993. The complete amino acid sequences of the B chains of Abrin a and Abrin b, toxic proteins from the seeds of Abrus precatorius. Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry 57: 166-169.
  • Kinamore, P.A., Jaeger, R.W. & de Castro, F.J., 1980. Abrus and Ricinus ingestion: management of three cases. Clinical Toxicology 17(3): 401-405.
  • Lampe, F.K., 1976. Changes in therapy in Abrus and Ricinus poisoning suggested by recent studies in their mechanism of toxicity. Clinical Toxicology 9(1): 21.
  • Mandava, N., Anderson, J.D. & Dutky, S.R., 1974. Indole plant growth inhibitor from Abrus precatorius seeds. Phytochemistry 13(12): 2853-2856.
  • Milhet, Y., Ferron, F. & Costes, C., 1978. Quelques resultats sur la physiologie d'Abrus precatorius L. [Some findings on the physiology of Abrus precatorius]. Plantes Medicinales et Phytotherapie 12(2): 151-156.
  • Ndamba, J., Nyazema, N.Z., Makaza, N., Anderson, C. & Kaondera, K.C., 1994. Traditional herbal remedies used for the treatment of urinary schistosomiasis in Zimbabwe. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 42(2): 125-132.
  • Nguyen Van Duong, 1993. Medicinal plants of Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos. Mekong Printing, Santa Ana, California, United States. 528 pp.
  • Nurawan, A., Hadad, E.A. & Sitepu, D., 1993. Penanggulangan penyakit penting pada tanaman tempuyung dan saga manis [Control of main diseases of Sonchus arvensis and Abrus precatorius]. Warta Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia 2(2): 21-22.
  • Nyazema, N.Z., Ndamba, J., Anderson, C., Makaza, N. & Kaondera, K.C., 1994. The doctrine of signatures or similitudes: a comparison of the efficacy of praziquantel and traditional herbal remedies used for the treatment of urinary schistosomiasis in Zimbabwe. International Journal of Pharmacognosy 32(2): 142-148.
  • Purwantoro, R.S. & Roemantyo, 1993. Konservasi tempuyung dan saga manis- suatu studi Kebun Raya Bogor [Conservation of Sonchus arvensis and Abrus precatorius in the Bogor Botanical Gardens- a study]. Warta Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia 2(2): 18-20.
  • Quisumbing, E., 1978. Medicinal plants of the Philippines. Katha Publishing Co., Quezon City, the Philippines. 1262 pp.
  • Ratnasooriya, W.D., Amarasekera, A.S., Perera, N.S.D. & Premakumara, G.A.S., 1991. Sperm antimotility properties of a seed extract of Abrus precatorius. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 33(1-2): 85-90.
  • Sheng, C.K., Sheng, C.C., Lin, H.C., Jin, B.W., Jih, P.W. & Che, M.T., 1995. Potent antiplatelet, anti inflammatory and antiallergic isoflavanquinones from the roots of Abrus precatorius. Planta Medica 61: 307-312.
  • Verdcourt, B., 1970. Studies in the Leguminosae Papilionoideae for the "Flora of Tropical East Africa"": II. Kew Bulletin 24(2): 235-307.
  • Verdcourt, B., 1979. A manual of New Guinea legumes. Botany Bulletin No 11. Office of Forests, Division of Botany, Lae, Papua New Guinea. 645 pp.
  • Wambebe, C. & Amosun, L., 1984. Some neuromuscular effects of the crude extracts of the leaves of Abrus precatorius. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 11: 49-58.
  • Westphal, E. & Jansen, P.C.M. (Editors), 1989. Plant Resources of South East Asia, A selection. Pudoc, Wageningen, the Netherlands. 322 pp.
  • Yamasaki, N., Absar, N. & Funatsu, G., 1988. States and roles of tryptophan residues in Abrus precatorius agglutinin. Agricultural and Biological Chemistry 52(2): 569-575.

Main genus page

Authors

R.H.M.J. Lemmens & F.J. Breteler