Difference between revisions of "Echinocactus-Ehretia (Sturtevant, 1919)"

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Latest revision as of 23:13, 24 November 2012

Dipladenia-Dysoxylum
Sturtevant, Notes on edible plants, 1919
Echinocactus-Ehretia (Sturtevant, 1919)
Elaeagnus-Elymus


Echinocactus hamatocanthus Muehlenpf.

Cactaceae.

Mexico. The ripe fruit is red and "as delicious as that of the strawberry cactus."

Echinocactus horizonthalonius Lem.

Mexico. This species furnishes fruits which are sliced, candied and sold as confections.

Echinocactus longihamatus Gal.

Mexico. Fruit red, edible and of good quality.

Echinocactus viridescens Nutt.

California. The fruit is of the shape and taste of a gooseberry.

Echinocactus wislizeni Engelm.

Western North America. This cactus is called by the Mexicans visnada, pulverized, make good gruel and even bread. The pulp of the fruit is rather sour and is not much eaten. Travellers, in passing through the cactus wastes, often resort to this plant to quench their thirst, its interior containing a soft, white, watery substance of slightly acid taste, which is rather pleasant when chewed. Pieces of this, soaked in a sirup or sugar and dried, are as good as candied citron, which they resemble in taste and substance. This plant, in some of its preparations, furnishes a favorite food to the Yabapais and Apache Indians of Arizona.

Echinophora spinosa Linn.

Umbelliferae. PRICKLY SAMPHIRE. SEA PARSNIP.

Europe. The roots of prickly samphire are eatable, with the flavor of parsnips, and the young leaves make excellent pickles.

Eclipta erecta Linn.

Compositae.

Cosmopolitan tropics. About Bombay, this plant, a common weed, is sometimes eaten by the natives as a potherb.

Ehretia acuminata R. Br.

Boragineae/Ehretiaceae.

Asia and Australian tropics. The drupe is red-orange, or nearly black when ripe, as large as a small pea. The unripe fruit is pickled in India. When ripe it is insipidly sweet and is eaten.

Ehretia elliptica DC.

Texas and Mexico. This plant is a small tree with fruit the size of a large pea, yellow, with a thin, edible pulp.

Ehretia laevis Roxb.

Asia and Australian tropics. The inner bark, in times of famine, is mixed with flour and eaten. The fruit is tasteless but is eaten.

Ehretia tinifolia Linn.

BASTARD CHERRY.

West Indies. The berries are the size of a currant and are frequently eaten.