Crocus sativus (Common names)

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Names in common use


  • English: saffron
  • German: Safran
  • Dutch: saffraan
  • Swedish: saffran
  • Danish: safran
  • Norwegian: safran
  • Icelandic:


  • French: safran
  • Italian: zafferano
  • Spanish: azafrán
  • Catalan: safrà
  • Portuguese: açafrão
  • Romanian: şofran


  • Russian: шафран - šafran
  • Polish: szafran
  • Czech: šafrán
  • Slovak: šafran (Balashev), žafran (Wikipedia)
  • Bulgarian: шафран - šafran
  • Croatian: šafran
  • Serb: шафран
  • Slovenian: šafran


  • Latvian: safrāns
  • Lithuanian: šafranas, šafronas
  • Albanian: shafran, kaçe
  • Greek: ζαφορά, σαφράνι; κρόκος - zafora, safrani; krokos
  • Turkish: safran
  • Maltese:
  • Hungarian: sáfrány
  • Finnish: sahrami
  • Estonian: safran

Sources and commentaries

In some languages, the generic name for Crocus spp. appears in dictionaries, and it may be that scholar use distinguishes crocus as a plant and ssffron as a spice. Such names have not been included here. Even in Greek, κρόκος appears to be a katharevoussa name. MC